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Lobelia puberula

This plant has poison characteristics. See below.
Common Name(s):
Downy lobelia
Categories:
Herbs, Native Plants, Perennials, Poisonous Plants, Wildflowers
Comment:

Lobelia puberula, or downy lobelia, is a perennial herbaceous wildflower in the Bellflower family native to eastern and south central United States. It is the most common blue-flowered Lobelia in the Southeast.

The blooms have one white mark (vs. two on Great Blue Lobelia), and the flowers seem be on one side.

Regions:  Mountain, Piedmont, Coastal plains

Seasons of Interest: 

   Blooms:  Late summer/fall            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Fall

Wildlife Value:   This plant is frequently damaged by deer.  Its flowers are attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies.  Bees are pollinators of this plant.

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: 

Season:
Late summer into fall
Height:
1-3 ft.
Hardiness:
USDA Hardiness Zone 4-9
Foliage:
Downy lobelia has soft, alternate leaves, each 1 to 2 inches. The leaves generally have small irregularly spaced teeth. They may be hairy, particularly on the underside.
Flower:
The Downy lobelia features irregularly shaped, .75 in. blue flowers with a white center. The upper lip has two lobes and the lower lip has three lobes. The flower spike is often one-sided.
Habit:
Herbaceous perennial
Site:
Downy lobelia can be found in moist, sandy, open ground. Also low woods, hammocks, swamps, meadows, and open woods.
Propagation:
Division, seed
Exposure:
Full sun to partial shade
Soil:
Wet, moist, dry
Poison Part:
All parts
Poison Delivery Mode:
Ingestion
Symptoms:
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, salivation, exhaustion and weakness, dilation of pupils, convulsions, and coma
Toxic Principle:
Alkaloids lobelamine, lobeline, and others, plus a volatile oil
Severity:
TOXIC ONLY IF LARGE QUANTITIES EATEN
Found in:
Forest or natural area, in moist woods and fields, edge of streams; landscape, in flower gardens, cultivated herbaceous annuals and perennials
Life Cycle:
Perennial
Tags:
hummingbirds, bees, butterflies

NCCES plant id: 2646

Lobelia puberula Lobelia puberula
Fritz Flohr Reynolds, CC-BY-SA-2.0
Lobelia puberula Lobelia puberula
Vicki DeLoach, CC BY-NC-ND - 2.0