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Nephrolepis exaltata

Common Name(s):

Description

A lush green terrestrial or epiphytic fern commonly grown as a houseplant. . Plants in the Boston Group have erect to pendent fronds that are pinnately compound and wide. Members of this group are commonly grown in cultivation. Plants in the Lace Group have a dissected pinnae. In this group, fronds appear decompound, finely divided, and often undulate. Plants in the Petticoat Group have pendent fronds that branch apically to form a "petticoat skirt" around the hanging basket. Prefers bright, indirect light and warmth (60-70 degrees).  Needs high humidity and moist soil that should never be allowed to dry out. In the winter, reduce watering since overwatering can lead to rot Do not overwater to the point of sodden soil.  Cut back on water in the winter when the plant goes dormant. Does well to remove indoor air pollutants. Place near kitchens and bathrooms for higher humidity or set on a tray of wet pebbles. 

Potentially invasive in warm climates.

They produce spores on the underside of the leaves.  These are dark brown to black dots that appear in a pattern.  Do not mistake these for insect or disease damage.   Scales or spidermites can be a problem if the air around the plant is too dry.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Fronds pinnately compound, lanceolate shaped, gradually tapering upward
  • Pinnae basally auricled
  • Sori round on vein
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Bostoniensis'
  • 'Ruffles'
    ruffled foliage
  • 'Tiger'
    variegated foliage
Tags:
#invasive#houseplant#container plant#shade tolerant#lacy leaves#spores#hanging baskets#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Bostoniensis'
  • 'Ruffles'
    ruffled foliage
  • 'Tiger'
    variegated foliage
Tags:
#invasive#houseplant#container plant#shade tolerant#lacy leaves#spores#hanging baskets#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Nephrolepis
    Species:
    exaltata
    Family:
    Polypodiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropical & Subtropical America
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Epiphyte
    Fern
    Houseplant
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Cascading
    Creeping
    Weeping
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10a, 10b, 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b, 13a, 13b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Description:
    Sori is terminal on first distal vein.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Fronds
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Other/more complex
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Fronds are erect to arching or pendent, short-petiolate, pinnately compound, lanceolate, and are often crowded along stolons. Fronds are graceful, green, have a lacy look, and are attractive in hanging baskets. Pinnules are numerous, linear-oblong, base auricled, and margin is serrulate to crenate. Indusium is circular.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Rhizomes are short, suberect, and with slender stolons.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Pool/Hardscape
    Small Space
    Landscape Theme:
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent