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Monarda media

Common Name(s):

Description

Purple Bergamot is a perennial wildflower which spreads through rhizomes (horizontal underground stems that produce new plants). The flowers are prized by bees and hummingbirds. The leaves have a strong mint fragrance when crushed. 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: Plants are susceptible to powdery mildew, especially in crowded gardens, but it is usually in the late season after flowering.  Prune stems to increase airflow. If the soil is allowed to dry out, the stressed plants become increasingly susceptible to disease. Rust can also be a problem.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#butterflies#pollinators#wildlife plant#nectar plant#rabbit resistant#specialized bees#deer resistant
Cultivars:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#butterflies#pollinators#wildlife plant#nectar plant#rabbit resistant#specialized bees#deer resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Monarda
    Species:
    media
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used by a number of Native American tribes to cure skin eruptions, reduce fevers and treat colds.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    SE US
    Distribution:
    Rich, moist, acidic soil; stream banks, thickets, ditches in AL , CT , DE , GA , IL , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT , WV
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds. Members of the genus Monarda support the following specialized bees: Dufourea monarda, Perdita (Perdita) gerhardi, and Protandrena abdominalis. This plant is resistant to damage by deer and rabbits.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Clumping
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    7 - 20 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Fragrant, ragged cluster of reddish-purple tubular flowers; purplish bracts
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are opposite, stalked, have a gray appearance, are lance- shaped with a triangular base, and have a main rib-vein with branched side veins curving toward the leaf margin which is serrated. Teeth are less noticeable or absent on upper leaves.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Square
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Pond
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Water Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Rabbits