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Momordica balsamina

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
mo-MOR-dee-ka bal-SAM-in-uh
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Annual vine; prefers a light, moist soil; sow seeds directly outdoors or start seedling indoors. 

The leaves and young fruits of Momordica balsamina are cooked and eaten as a vegetable in Cameroon, Sudan and southern Africa. The bitter young fruits have been reported widely as edible, whereas the ripe fruits cause vomiting and diarrhoea, and can be poisonous. The bright red fruit pulp is eaten in Namibia. Can harm dogs if they eat the ripe fruit.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#annual#vines#edible garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#poisonous#annual#vines#edible garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Momordica
    Species:
    balsamina
    Family:
    Cucurbitaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Wide spectrum of medicinal and nutritional values and has been used as a traditional folk medicine in many countries
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Tropical & South Africa, South West Arabian Peninsula
    Distribution:
    Invasive in Asia, Australia, Central America
    Climbing Method:
    Tendrils
    Edibility:
    Edible, but bitter fruit
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Vine
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Texture:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Tendrils
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Occasionally Wet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Yellowish-green warty fruits turn yellow-orange and split to reveal red seeds
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Description:
    Small, yellow, deeply veined flowers
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    diarrhoea, vomiting
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    unknown
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits
    Seeds