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Plants that fill a similar niche:
Pyrus communis Tree in Bloom
Pyrus communis 'Harrow Sweet'
Pyrus communis 'Magness'
Malus domestica has some common disease problems:
Fire Blight

Apples Malus domestica

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
MAY-lus doh-MESS-tik-a
Description

The common apple is native to Central Asia and Afghanistan, now grown worldwide for its crisp, crunchy fruit.  Many cultivars exist with differences in color, flavor, and recommended food use.  While they grow tall from seed, many apple trees you can buy are grafted with dwarfing rootstocks so they maintain a much smaller size. Varieties have different chilling hour requirements so be sure to choose the right one for your area.

Most apple varieties produce better if another variety is planted nearby. They are generally easy to grow and tolerate a variety of soils. Grow in full sun to partial shade. They will need a regulate spraying program to prevent disease and pest damage.

Problems, Pests and Diseases: A wide range of pests and diseases can affect this tree. Three of the more common diseases or pests are mildew, aphids, and apple scab. Other diseases are fire blight and black spot.  Other pests are coding moths and apple maggots.   

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Vegetable Garden- Raised Beds
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Empire', 'Fuji', 'Gala', 'Ginger Gold', 'Golden Delicious', 'Jonagold', 'Mutsu', 'Red Delicious', 'Rome', 'Stayman'
Tags:
#cultivars#white flowers#flowering tree#fruit tree#edible fruits#fall fruits#edible garden#edible#pomes#insects#ebh-fn#diseases
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Empire', 'Fuji', 'Gala', 'Ginger Gold', 'Golden Delicious', 'Jonagold', 'Mutsu', 'Red Delicious', 'Rome', 'Stayman'
Tags:
#cultivars#white flowers#flowering tree#fruit tree#edible fruits#fall fruits#edible garden#edible#pomes#insects#ebh-fn#diseases
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Malus
    Species:
    Domestica
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Grafting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Central Asia to Afghanistan
    Distribution:
    Worldwide
    Edibility:
    Fruits can be eaten raw and cooked in a variety of dishes.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Large, round, firm fruits that often have a waxy coating. Some varieties ripen late summer and some in the fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Saucer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    The 1 to 1 1⁄2 in. flowers are white with a pink tinge that gradually fades, five-petaled, with an inflorescence consisting of a cyme with 4–6 flowers. The central flower is called the "king bloom", opens first and can develop a larger fruit.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Entire
    Serrate
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Very variable leaf shape and size. Underside has raised veins and may or may not be pubescent.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Lenticels
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Looks similar to prunus species, grey and smooth with raised lenticels.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Small dwarf shoots line the stems.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems
    Frequent Insect Problems