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Malus domestica 'Red Delicious'

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
MAY-lus doh-MESS-tik-a
Description

The Red Delicious apple is the most widely planted apple tree in North America although it has competition in recent years from other popular apples found on this site. The size of the tree depends on the variety chosen, with standard, semi-dwarf and dwarf varieties. It grows at a fast speed of more than 24'' per year. The potential pollinators should be selected according to size: dwarf, semi-dwarf, standard, and for the same bloom time. The Red Delicious bloom starts, on average, late April to early May and is called a mid-season bloomer. Pollinators would include other mid-season blooming apple trees. 

This tree grows well in slightly acidic, moist, and well-drained soil. This apple tree does not tolerate a long drought period. Soil type needed is average to loamy but responds to enriched soil with better production. Most apple trees do best with a slightly acidic soil pH in the range of 5.0 to 6.8.

Fruit production will respond best to full sun and air movement around the tree and through its branches. It is not recommended to place the tree near taller trees or structures that would shade it for a few hours each day. Air movement, sunlight, and good soil and drainage all lead to a healthy, productive tree.

Its mature height and width vary from 10 feet (dwarf), 12-15 feet (semi-dwarf), or 20-25 feet (standard).

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Malus domestica.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#full sun#white flowers#fast growing#native fruit tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#full sun#white flowers#fast growing#native fruit tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Malus
    Species:
    domestica
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    USA
    Wildlife Value:
    Pollinators during bloom time. Bees, hummingbirds, butterflies
    Edibility:
    The medium to large-sized, oval-shaped fruit has red skin, with juicy and crisp flesh inside. It tastes sweet and mild. It is great for fresh eating and making desserts. It can also be stored for quite long in 40F degrees or below. It lasts a couple of months in the 50s.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    High
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    Apple is mid season, ripening from mid September into October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The white flowers bloom in clusters in mid-season. It may have a slight blush in the beginning.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies