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Linnaea x grandiflora

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Abelia rupestris var. grandiflora
  • Abelia x grandiflora
Phonetic Spelling
LIN-ay-ee-uh gran-dih-FLOR-uh
Description

Glossy Abelia is an evergreen to semi-evergreen small shrub in the Caprifoliaceae (honeysuckle) family. The plant’s name is derived from Carolus Linnaeus, the New Latin form of Carl von Linne, a Swedish botanist (1778).  

It is hardy, drought and erosion tolerant, and easy-to-grow. Depending on the cultivar, it can grow to 2 to 6 feet tall with a similar spread. It flowers on new growth from late spring into fall and early winter and has a persistent ornamental calyx that is reddish-bronze and lasts for months. The new growth and fall foliage is also reddish-bronze.  Gold-leaved and variegated varieties are available.  To prevent legginess, prune back as needed in late winter before new growth appears.    

Glossy abelia is versatile as an accent, border, hedge, privacy screen, or mass planting. Use it in the lawn, on a slope, or in a pollinator garden.  They are resistant to deer and attract butterflies.  Also resistant to Phytophthora root rot.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Reddish new growth has three to four leaves per node. 
  • Opposite leaves have reticulate venation.
  • Bell-shaped, white flowers have a persistent reddish calyx
  • Small shrub with exfoliating bark.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  No significant problems.

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Foundation Planting- West Side of House
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Canyon Creek', 'Edward Goucher', 'Francis Mason', 'Hopleys', 'Kaleidoscope', 'Little Richard', 'Mardis Gras', 'Prostrata', 'Radiance', 'Rose Creek', 'Ruby Anniversery', 'Silver Anniversary', 'Sunrise', 'Sunshine Daydream'
Tags:
#purple#gold#fragrant#hummingbirds#evergreen#showy flowers#full sun tolerant#drought tolerant#lavender#interesting bark#white flowers#easy to grow#wildlife plant#pink flowers#small shrub#nectar plant#salt tolerant#low maintenance#fall interest#air pollution tolerant#cpp#glossy#pollinator plant#butterfly friendly#partial shade tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
'Canyon Creek', 'Edward Goucher', 'Francis Mason', 'Hopleys', 'Kaleidoscope', 'Little Richard', 'Mardis Gras', 'Prostrata', 'Radiance', 'Rose Creek', 'Ruby Anniversery', 'Silver Anniversary', 'Sunrise', 'Sunshine Daydream'
Tags:
#purple#gold#fragrant#hummingbirds#evergreen#showy flowers#full sun tolerant#drought tolerant#lavender#interesting bark#white flowers#easy to grow#wildlife plant#pink flowers#small shrub#nectar plant#salt tolerant#low maintenance#fall interest#air pollution tolerant#cpp#glossy#pollinator plant#butterfly friendly#partial shade tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Linnaea
    Family:
    Caprifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    This shrub is attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    drought, pollution, deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 6 in. - 8 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Dense
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Achene
    Fruit Description:
    Leathery, one-seeded achene; non-ornamental. Hybrid of Abelia chinensis x Abelia uniflora
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Small bell flowers that appear in groups of 2-5 in cymes in the upper leaf axils and stem ends. Color ranges from whites to pinks depending on the cultivar. Persistent reddish calyces into winter.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Semi-evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Slippery
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3-4 leaves per node. Glossy leaves, emerge reddish and mature to dark green then turn bronze-green to bronze-red in winter. Reticulate venations; acute, cuneate to rounded base.
  • Bark:
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Peeling
    Bark Description:
    Exfoliating bark
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    Pubescent, reddish-brown young stems mature to exfoliating, splitting bark, revealing lighter inner bark
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Slope/Bank
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Erosion
    Pollution
    Salt
    Urban Conditions