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Kniphofia x praecox

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ny-FOE-fee-ah PREE-koks
Description

Torch Lily is one of the most popular of the Red Hot Poker plants. It is an erect perennial herb 2'-4' tall that clumps to 3' in diameter. This plant blooms in the summer and occasionally has a fall flush that is not as spectacular. It is a tough plant that is very easy to grow. It prefers full sun and well-drained soils. It is intolerant of wet, heavy soils. Wet soils cause rot and death in the winter. This plant is stunning in the front of a shrub border, or planted along a driveway or walkway. It can be utilized as single specimens or for mass planting in beds because of its strong, vivid, and bold colors. This plant has no serious pest or disease problems.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Basal cluster of strap-like, keeled leaves with lily point
  • Elongated peduncle topped with bright red to yellow flowers
  • Flowers are dense, crowded, pendulous, tubular, and overlapping
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#red#white#yellow#full sun#summer#drought tolerant#orange#perennial#white flowers#green#red flowers#yellow flowers#orange flowers#fall interest#well-drained soil#cream flower#cream flowers#shrub border#red flower#fantz#walkways#driveway
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#red#white#yellow#full sun#summer#drought tolerant#orange#perennial#white flowers#green#red flowers#yellow flowers#orange flowers#fall interest#well-drained soil#cream flower#cream flowers#shrub border#red flower#fantz#walkways#driveway
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Kniphofia
    Family:
    Asphodelaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Africa
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Flowers are crowded, pendulous, and tubular. They can be bold red, yellow, cream to coral, orange, or white in cultivar selections. Inflorescence is a scapose raceme arising from a radial cluster of leaves. Peduncles are fleshy, thick, and erect. Rachis are densely crowded with flowers and buds, 1/5-1/4 the length of the peduncle.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are alternate, linear, crowded vasally, keeled, strap-like, grayish-green in color and can grow up to 35" long. Leaf margins come together into a pointed apex. Blades are sheading basally and are overlapping each other around minute stems.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Pool/Hardscape
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Wind