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Algerian Iris Iris unguicularis

Previously known as:

  • Iris stylosa
  • Joniris stylosa
  • Neubeckia stylosa
  • Siphonostylis unguicularis
Phonetic Spelling
EYE-ris un-gwih-kew-LAR-iss
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Algerian Iris is a purple-flowering bulb native to northern Africa and the western Mediterranean region.

 

Insect, Diseases and Other Plant Problems: Grey molds, bacterial soft rot, or a virus may occur.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
    White flowers
  • 'Dazzling Eyes'
  • 'Mary Barnard'
  • 'Peloponnese Snow'
    White flowers with hints of orange and purple
'Alba', 'Dazzling Eyes', 'Mary Barnard', 'Peloponnese Snow'
Tags:
#purple#fragrant#bulb#showy flowers#full sun#fragrant flowers#purple flowers#spring flowers#winter interest#full sun flowers#iris family#early spring flowers#winter flowers#winter garden#iris#problem for cats#late winter flowers#problem for dogs#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Alba'
    White flowers
  • 'Dazzling Eyes'
  • 'Mary Barnard'
  • 'Peloponnese Snow'
    White flowers with hints of orange and purple
'Alba', 'Dazzling Eyes', 'Mary Barnard', 'Peloponnese Snow'
Tags:
#purple#fragrant#bulb#showy flowers#full sun#fragrant flowers#purple flowers#spring flowers#winter interest#full sun flowers#iris family#early spring flowers#winter flowers#winter garden#iris#problem for cats#late winter flowers#problem for dogs#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Iris
    Species:
    unguicularis
    Family:
    Iridaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Africa and Mediterranean
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    drought, deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Clumping
    Erect
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Seedpods should be completely dry (while attached to the plant) before seeds are taken out.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Showy lavendar-purple flowers with yellow banding appear in late winter through early spring.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves can be up to 12 inches long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems that hold the flower up can be as tall as 8 inches.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Patio
    Slope/Bank
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Salivation, vomiting, drooling, lethargy, diarrhea. Highest concentration in rhizomes
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Pentacylic terpenoids (zeorin, missourin and missouriensin)
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems