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Iris brevicaulis

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-riss brev-ee-KAW-liss
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

This low growing iris is in a family of perennial herbs.  Its strap-like leaves rise from rhizomes in a flat plane overlapping at the base which may hide the flowers.  The one to several blooms emerge from the top of a naked stem which zig-zags for up to 5 inches, giving the iris one of its common names, Zigzag Iris.  The showy flowers are formed as 6-parted, with 3 outer, spreading or pendent "falls" and 3 inner, erect "standards", and are bluish-purple to white with a yellow and white crest on the reflexed falls.  Bloom time is June, though they are not produced each year.  The fruit is a capsule.  It spreads by the division of its bulb or rhizome.  This is a marsh plant suited to damp grasslands or stream banks of humus and rich acidic soil,  but it can grow in average, well-drained soil in full sun to part shade.  

Although sporadically native to the Central United States, it is not native to the Southeastern coastal states.

 

More information on Iris.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#poisonous#partial shade#low growing#white flowers#acidic soil#blue flowers#cpp#woodland#naturalizes#irisin
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#sun#showy flowers#poisonous#partial shade#low growing#white flowers#acidic soil#blue flowers#cpp#woodland#naturalizes#irisin
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Iris
    Species:
    brevicaulis
    Family:
    Iridaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Forest, woodlands, or natural area,
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Root Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Ontario to North Central & Eastern U.S.A
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Wildflower
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Irregular
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Large, deep, bluish-purple flowers with yellow and white crests on the reflexed falls
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Water Garden
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, elevated temperature following ingestion; skin irritation upon contact with seeds, rootstock, or cell sap.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    irisin, iridin, or irisine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Roots