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Variegated English Holly Ilex aquifolium 'Argentea Marginata'

This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Variegated English holly is an evergreen shrub cultivar in the Aquifoliaceae (holly) family.  It is noted for its shiny dark green leaves outlined with creamy white. It typically grows 15-40 feet tall and 10-20 feet wide in a pyramidal shape. This shrub will do best in areas with cooler summer nights such as the Pacific NW. This is a female cultivar that produces red fruits when male cultivators are present. 

This plant needs fertile acidic moist soil in full sun to partial shade. Give it additional water during drought conditions and prune as needed.

The beautiful foliage of this shrub is often used in Christmas greenery arrangements.

VIDEO created by Andy Pulte for “Landscape Plant Identification, Taxonomy and Morphology” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Plant Sciences, University of Tennessee.

 

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#specimen#variegated leaves#hedges#spines#red fruits#evergreen shrub#bird friendly#Christmas decorations#bee friendly#barrier#privacy screen#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#specimen#variegated leaves#hedges#spines#red fruits#evergreen shrub#bird friendly#Christmas decorations#bee friendly#barrier#privacy screen#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    aquifolium
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe
    Wildlife Value:
    Birds will eat the fruits
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small red drupes are rarely produced
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    This female shrub has small pinkish-white four-petaled blooms in spring
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Prickly
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Undulate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Oval shiny green leaves with white margins up to 1-3 inches long. The margins are serrated with spines.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Naturalized Area
    Landscape Theme:
    Cottage Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Screen/Privacy
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    Minor toxicity. Ingestion may cause vomiting, diarrhea, or other illness in humans.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Saponins
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Fruits