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Ilex amelanchier

Phonetic Spelling
EYE-leks am-uh-LAN-kee-er
Description

Swamp holly is a large deciduous upright shrub or small tree usually 10' to 15' in height. It is commonly found near water like streambanks and is found in seven counties in North Carolina's coastal plain. 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#coastal#stream banks#NC native#large shrub#Braham Arboretum
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#coastal#stream banks#NC native#large shrub#Braham Arboretum
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ilex
    Species:
    amelanchier
    Family:
    Aquifoliaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern, U.S.A.
    Distribution:
    North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Dull pink-red drupes, slightly glaucous. You need both male and female plants to produce berries.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    White
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Tiny flowers with 4 or 5 greenish-white petals are borne in small clusters in the leaf axils.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Ovate up to 4 inches long leaves are very finely toothed almost entire. The undersides of leaves are very densely hairy and lighter in color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    The bark is smooth, grayish-brown and often marked with lenticels. Often colonized by lichens.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Young stems and twigs are hairy and appear almost white but become glabrous and red-brown with age.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Pond
    Riparian
    Landscape Theme:
    Native Garden
    Water Garden