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Asian Hydrangea Hydrangea febrifuga

Previously known as:

  • Cianitis sylvatica
  • Dichroa febrifuga
  • Dichroa versicolor
Phonetic Spelling
hy-DRAN-jee-uh feb-ri-FEW-guh
Description

Chinese Quinine is an evergreen shrub with glossy green leaves in the hydrangea family.  It is native to southeast Asia and prefers to grow in partial shade in moist, well-drained, rich soils.  The plants prefer acidic soils but can grow in any soil pH, which will have an effect on the flower color.  Flowers will be dark blue in acidic soils and pale blue to lilac in alkaline soils.  It does best in average to evenly moist conditions, and will not tolerate standing water or drought.

This plant can be an attractive accent shrub for lightly shaded borders or foundations and may also be planted as an informal hedge for screening.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#showy flowers#partial shade#heat tolerant#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#blue flowers#cut flowers#medicinal#broadleaf evergreen#colorful#winter interest#berries#showy fruits#hedges#moist soil#food source#mounding#well-drained soil#bicolor#multistemmed#neutral ph#glossy leaves#rounded#acidic soil tolerant#alkaline soil tolerant#asian garden#evergreen shrub#sandy soils tolerant#colorful fruits#clay soils tolerant#bird friendly#compact#butterfly friendly#songbirds#herb#tropical feel#exotic#woodlands#butterfly garden
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#evergreen#showy flowers#partial shade#heat tolerant#white flowers#shrub#wildlife plant#shade tolerant#blue flowers#cut flowers#medicinal#broadleaf evergreen#colorful#winter interest#berries#showy fruits#hedges#moist soil#food source#mounding#well-drained soil#bicolor#multistemmed#neutral ph#glossy leaves#rounded#acidic soil tolerant#alkaline soil tolerant#asian garden#evergreen shrub#sandy soils tolerant#colorful fruits#clay soils tolerant#bird friendly#compact#butterfly friendly#songbirds#herb#tropical feel#exotic#woodlands#butterfly garden
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Hydrangea
    Species:
    febrifuga
    Family:
    Hydrangeaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Chinese Quinine is used in Chinese medicine for the reduction of fevers. The root has also been used to treat malaria. The chemical compound febrifugine, derived from this species, is being studied for therapeutic uses to treat cancer and fibrosis. It has also been used to lower blood pressure, relieve chest congestion, and against flu, and intestinal bacterial infections.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China, Tibet, India, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruit attracts birds.
    Play Value:
    Colorful
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 7 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Mounding
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Blue
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Round gentian blue berries (1/3” diameter) mature in late summer and remain on the plant into winter
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Bi-color flowers (outsides are white but insides are blue) with reflexed petals bloom in June-July in terminal inflorescences to 3-6” diameter. The blue color will be dark in acidic soils and pale blue or lilac in alkaline soils
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Dentate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The 4-8" long deep green leaf has prominent veins and small serrations
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    reddish tan stems
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Pollution