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Fraxinus profunda

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
FRAK-si-nus pro-FUN-duh
Description

Fraxinus profunda is a large tree needing a large space.  This deciduous tree has an open crown that can reach heights to 125', but typically will mature at 60-80'.  Its natural habitat includes consistently moist areas such as swamps, floodplains, river valleys, and other low areas.  it is quite often found growing along with bald cypress.  

When located in an area that remains wet during the growing season, the trunk may become swollen at the base, somewhat resembling a pumpkin.  Thus its common name, Pumpkin Ash.

The twigs are stout, fuzzy, and light gray-brown.  The leaf scars are oval (not deeply notched).  

Its species are dioecious, ie. separate male and female trees.  The female tree will bear fruit in late summer to early fall.   

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Due to its high susceptibility to emerald ash borer, this tree is not recommended.  Trees will typically succumb within 3 to 5 years of infestation.  It is also affected by ash borer, lilac borer, and carpenter worms.  Diseases include fungal leaf spot, powdery mildew, rust, and cankers.  Its limbs are often damaged by high winds.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#cpp#NC native#deer resistant#Braham Arboretum#clay soils tolerant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#cpp#NC native#deer resistant#Braham Arboretum#clay soils tolerant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Fraxinus
    Species:
    profunda
    Family:
    Oleaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern Central & Eastern U.S.A
    Distribution:
    Eastern U.S. and Canada
    Dimensions:
    Height: 60 ft. 0 in. - 80 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 30 ft. 0 in. - 50 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Open
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    One-winged, flattened samara, 2 to 3 inches long, 1/2 inch wide, wing extends nearly to base, wider than green or white ash.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Flower buds are brown and scruffy. Flowers in clusters
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leathery leaves are dark green, 9-18" in length with 7-9 leaflets. Each is composed of 7-9 yellowish-green to green leaflets. The underside is pale and hairy. They have bronze-red to bronze purple fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Bark Description:
    Barks are light gray-brown and have interlacing ridges to nearly blocky.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rain Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Specimen