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Florence Fennel Foeniculum vulgare

Other Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Foeniculum vulgare var. azoricum
Phonetic Spelling
fin-ICK-yoo-lum vul-GAR-eh
Description

Normally grown as an annual, fennel flowers have a sweet, mildly anise or licorice flavor. They are used in egg and fish dishes.

VIDEO Created by Laura Barth for "Vegetables, Herbs, Fruits, and Nuts", a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Davidson County Demo Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#edible plant#wildlife plant#swallowtail butterflies#herb garden culinary#pollinator plant#butterfly friendly#bee friendly#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#vhfn#vhfn-h
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#edible plant#wildlife plant#swallowtail butterflies#herb garden culinary#pollinator plant#butterfly friendly#bee friendly#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#vhfn#vhfn-h
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Foeniculum
    Species:
    vulgare
    Family:
    Apiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Wildlife Value:
    Attracts bees and other beneficial insects, feeds caterpillars that morph into swallowtail butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Herb
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Fine
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    White
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Edible
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators