Plant DetailShow Menu

Golden Gate Ficus Ficus microcarpa 'Golden Gate'

Description

Ficus microcarpa, or Chinese Banyan, is a species of fig tree native to tropical and subtropical Asia. When young, the plant appears to be a shrub, but when grown outdoors in Mediterranean climates, it can reach 40 feet high with a 40 foot crown.  It also grows well as a shade tree and, for this reason, is frequently used as an indoor tree and in bonsai.  The Chinese Banyan has a rounded dense crown with a smooth gray bark, milky sap, and long, thin, dangling aerial roots. A tropical and subtropical species, the tree requires a warm climate and a humid atmosphere to thrive. The tree was widely distributed as an ornamental plant and is one of the most common street trees in warm climates. It is suitable for temperatures above 68 degrees F all year long, thus it is generally sold as a houseplant. High humidity (70% - 100%) is preferable and seems to favor the development of aerial roots.

Ficus microcarpa 'Golden Gate' is a cultivar most commonly used in bonsai.  For this reason, it has a diminutive stature and grows well indoors.  It grows somewhat faster and is easier to care for than other bonsai species, making it great for first-timers.  Keep it in a sunny, warm location with consistent moisture.

 

More information on Ficus microcarpa.

See this plant in the following landscapes:
Bonsai Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#small spaces#bonsai#interiorscape#indoor tree#container plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#small spaces#bonsai#interiorscape#indoor tree#container plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ficus
    Species:
    microcarpa
    Family:
    Moraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Has been used as shade tree and, for this reason, is frequently used as an indoor tree and in bonsai.
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    tropical and subtropical Asia
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Irregular
    Multi-stemmed
    Multi-trunked
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The fruit develops from the same structure the flowers are held in. They start out green and ripen to a reddish shade.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Like other Ficus species, the flower is inverted. The reproductive structures are located within the teardrop shape.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Dark green, teardrop-shaped leaves. Leathery with short, pointed, ridged tips.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Brown
    Light Gray
    Bark Description:
    Attractive greyish bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Small Space
    Design Feature:
    Specimen