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Ficus carica 'Marseille'

Previously known as:

  • Ficus carica 'White Genoa'
Description

Introduced from France, this deciduous shrub or small tree was brought over to the US by Thomas Jefferson and is rumored to be his favorite fig.   This fig does well in the warm winters of the south, it will need protection in colder climates.  Plant it in full sun to partial shade in acidic to neutral, well-drained, moist soils.  This fig has It has a vigorous shoot growth rate and fruit production.   It produces on new wood so can be pruned back to maintain its shape in early spring.  Its unassuming green-yellow colored fruit keeps the birds from noticing the fruit before you do.  It can be grown in a container, planted in a mixed border, courtyard, children's, cottage, or patio garden, or espaliered along a fence.

 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Generally insect and disease-free.

Cultivars:
Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#small tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#container plant#espalier#mixed borders#patio#upright#fast growing#cpp#ornate#edible fruits
Cultivars:
Tags:
#hardy#deciduous#small tree#heat tolerant#drought tolerant#container plant#espalier#mixed borders#patio#upright#fast growing#cpp#ornate#edible fruits
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Ficus
    Species:
    carica
    Family:
    Moraceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    France
    Edibility:
    The medium-sized, round to oblate fruit has greenish-yellow to white skin with rose-colored flesh. It is small sweet and rich. Fair quality and works well fresh, dried or stewed.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 10 ft. 0 in. - 12 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Shrub
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    White
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Length:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Round to pear-shaped, short-necked, green-yellow to almost white with a center of rose seedy flesh. Prolific producer with fruit ripening in late July and sometimes a second crop during a hot summer.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    The flowers are unisexual (self-fertile) and minute appearing in the summer. Borne in leaf axils within a hollow receptacle that enlarges to form the fruit.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Rough
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leathery green leaves palmately veined are large and thick. They are dark green and fuzzy on top and lighter green on the bottom. It is usually three to five sinuses lobed.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    New leaves bud out in early spring.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Small Space
    Vertical Spaces
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Heat