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Elaeocarpus hainanensis

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
El-lee-oh-kar-PUS hy-nan-EN-sis
Description

Hainan Elaeocarpus is a flowering evergreen tree or large shrub native to the Hainan Islands off the south coast of China (hence its common name). It is commonly found in tropical or subtropical settings in China and Indochina. It is a small tree, typically growing to 16 to 20 feet high and often used as an indoor or container ornamental.

Hainan Elaeocarpus prefers full sun and well-drained, moderately damp soils and is drought tolerant. When in blossom, the tree's branches are covered with sweetly scented white flowers set against glossy green leaves.

Diseases, Insect Pests, and Other Plant Problems:

No known diseases or insect issues.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#small tree#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#white flowers#flowering tree#cream flowers#glossy leaves#evergreen shrub#evergreen tree#fringed flowers
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#evergreen#showy flowers#small tree#fragrant flowers#drought tolerant#white flowers#flowering tree#cream flowers#glossy leaves#evergreen shrub#evergreen tree#fringed flowers
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Elaeocarpus
    Species:
    hainanensis
    Family:
    Elaeocarpaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China
    Distribution:
    Southeast Yunnan, Guangdong, and South Guangxi, provinces; Indo-China
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    drought
    Edibility:
    Fruit is not edible.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 14 ft. 0 in. - 16 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Width:
    > 3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Spindle shaped drupes with hard endocarp center
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Fringed cream to white flowers appear in the summer in groups of 2 to 6 in racemes in leaf axils and have a sweet fragrance. White petals are as long as the sepals. Five-petaled flowers about 1 1/2 inches wide and 3 1/4 inches long, bracts ovate, sessile and leaf-like.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leathery
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Oblanceolate
    Oblong
    Leaf Margin:
    Denticulate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Deep green, narrow lanceolate, oblanceolate, narrowly oblong, hairy along midvein, base cuneate, apex acuminate margin denticulate. They clutster at the end of stems.
  • Bark:
    Surface/Attachment:
    Smooth
  • Stem:
    Stem Buds:
    Smooth/Hairless
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Asian Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Small Tree