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Delphinium

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
del-FIN-ee-um
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

The native species of larkspurs are both annuals and perennials; they return from seed or perennial rootstocks every year, and are much better for warm gardens than the hybrid Delphiniums.  Weedy in disturbed areas in woods, fields, gardens. Some native species are found in forest or natural areas in rich woods and in mountains.

Herbaceous annual or perennial. Leaves alternate, long-stalked, palmately divided or lobed. Flowers in terminal, elongated clusters, blue to purple or nearly white, with a single spur on the back side. Fruit dry and many seeded.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#pink#sun#poisonous#partial shade#annual#blue#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#NC native
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#white#pink#sun#poisonous#partial shade#annual#blue#drought tolerant#spring#perennial#NC native
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Delphinium
    Family:
    Ranunculaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Temp. & Subtropical Old World, North America
    Distribution:
    Throughout; garden ornamentals
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Drought tolerant
    Edibility:
    Poisonous
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Poisonous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit dry, many seeded
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Flowers in terminal, elongated clusters, blue to purple or nearly white, with a single spur on the back side
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves alternate, long-stalked, palmately divided or lobed
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Burning of lips and mouth, numbness of throat; intense vomiting and diarrhea, muscular weakness and spasms, weak pulse, paralysis of the respiratory system, convulsions; may be fatal.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloids delphinine, ajacine, and others.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves
    Seeds
    Stems