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Daphne genkwa

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
DAF-nee GEN-kwah
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Daphne genkwa is native to East Asia, China and Korea.  Its native habitat includes the margins of paddy fields, hillsides and valleys.  This plant will have optimum performance when grown in a location that experiences hot summers and somewhat mild winters.  The flower buds develop in the fall on the current year's growth.  In areas that have very cold winters, the buds may not survive through winter temperatures, which in turn leads to the absence of flowers the following year.

Once planted, it is best to not attempt to relocate this plant.  It does not like its roots disturbed.  Full maturity is reached at about 5 years of age.

It flowers on bare stems, prior to it gray-green foliage opening.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  All parts of this plant are poisonous.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#deciduous#poisonous#fragrant flowers#shrub#showy#moths#deciduous shrub#cut flowers#winter interest#rock gardens#cutting garden#pollinator plant#evergreen shrub#short lifespan#flies#butterfly friendly#winter flowers#late winter flowers#herb#pollinators#pollinator garden#bee friendly#broadleaf#cutting
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#showy flowers#deciduous#poisonous#fragrant flowers#shrub#showy#moths#deciduous shrub#cut flowers#winter interest#rock gardens#cutting garden#pollinator plant#evergreen shrub#short lifespan#flies#butterfly friendly#winter flowers#late winter flowers#herb#pollinators#pollinator garden#bee friendly#broadleaf#cutting
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Daphne
    Species:
    genkwa
    Family:
    Thymelaeaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China to Temp. Eastern Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Attractive to pollinators. Bees, flies, butterflies and moths are pollinators of this plant.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 3 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 5 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Poisonous
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Open
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4b, 4a, 5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Blue
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Winter
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Lilac flowers appear in groups of clusters, with 2-7 blooms per cluster. The slightly fragrant flowers can be lilac, rose-purple, or white. They will open in the late winter to early spring before the leaves form.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are simple and mostly opposite leaves, however, some are alternate. Silky hairs can be found on both sides of the leaves when they first appear. Gradually they will become obsolete, only remaining along the veins on the underside. The upper side of the foliage is a dull green with a paler green on the underside.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The thin stems are sparsely branched.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Patio
    Pool/Hardscape
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Moths
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Short-lived
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    HIGHLY TOXIC, MAY BE FATAL IF EATEN! Unknown, but possibly as in D. mezereum.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Unknown, suspected to be a diterpenoid (mezerein)
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Sap/Juice
    Seeds
    Stems