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String of Beads Curio rowleyanus

Previously known as:

  • Curio rowleyanus f. marmoratus
  • Curio rowleyanus f. rowleyanus
  • Kleinia rowleyana
Phonetic Spelling
KYUR-ree-oh raw-lee-AY-nus
Description

String of Pearls is a plant in the daisy family that is native to South Africa. It was named after Gordon Douglas Rowley, a British botanist.  His specialty was succulents and cacti.  

In its native habitat, it will grow in a vine-like manner, creeping and crawling along the ground where roots are formed whenever the plant comes contact with the ground.  

It can be grown both indoors as a houseplant or outdoors in more tropical locations.  Being limited to USDA Hardiness zones 9B through 11b, it is most often grown as a houseplant.  Outdoor locations should include partial shade while indoor plants flourish in areas where they receive bright, indirect sunlight. Cactus potting mix or a combination of potting soil mixed with sand or perlite is an ideal planting or container medium.

Not liking wet feet, ensure that good drainage is provided for both indoor and outdoor plants. Containers should have a minimum of one hole in the bottom.  Allow your plant to dry out in between waterings.  When allowed to remain in waterlogged or soggy soil, root rot can occur.  If the situation is allowed to continue, that is a sure path to the plant's demise.  

The rounded, fleshy leaves of String of Pearls are quite unique, each resembling a pearl, a bead or a marble.  The rounded shape of the leaf also decreases the amount of surface area exposed to the arid desert air, therefore, reducing loss of water or moisture.   Each leaf has an epidermal window, which is a small slit of translucent tissue where light is allowed to penetrate the inside of the leaf.  This increases the available area where photosynthesis can take place.  

Propagation can be easily and quickly accomplished by taking a 3-5" stem cutting and covering a few of the nodes in the potting mixture  This will allow new roots to form.  A slower and less reliable form of propagation can be done by simply dropping a leaf onto your soil mixture.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#houseplant#drought tolerant#succulent#frost tender#fleshy leaves#showy leaves#interiorscape#low maintenance#hanging baskets#creeping#cascading#warm climates#humidity tolerant#dry soils tolerant#vine#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#container plant#container
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#houseplant#drought tolerant#succulent#frost tender#fleshy leaves#showy leaves#interiorscape#low maintenance#hanging baskets#creeping#cascading#warm climates#humidity tolerant#dry soils tolerant#vine#problem for cats#problem for dogs#problem for horses#container plant#container
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Curio
    Family:
    Asteraceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Houseplant
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South Africa
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Defines Paths
    Easy to Grow
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Succulent
    Vine
    Habit/Form:
    Cascading
    Creeping
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    3 feet-6 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9b, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The white pom-pom or cylindrical flowers have a cinnamon fragrance. Long red stamens and bright yellow anthers add to the showy blooms.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The 1/4", succulent, pea-shaped leaves are spherical, lime green and have a longitudinal translucent stripe. They have a small pointed tip. They grow attached to the trailing stems.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
    Stem Description:
    The trailing stems are lined with leaves.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Humidity
    Problems:
    Problem for Cats
    Problem for Dogs
    Problem for Horses