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Smallfruit Hawthorn Crataegus spathulata

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#evergreen#small tree#heat tolerant#white flowers#wildlife plant#native tree#native shrub#showy fruits#NC native#red fruits#late spring flowers#evergreen shrub#larval host plant#evergreen tree#mid-spring flowers#food source herbage#food source nectar#food source pollen#coastal FAC#Piedmont Mountains FAC#bird friendly#nectar plant late spring#mammals#food source soft mast fruit#butterfly friendly#nectar plant mid-spring#butterfly larvae#moth larvae#pollinators#pollinator garden#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#audubon#woodlands#red-spotted purple butterfly#gray hairstreak butterfly#viceroy butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    spathulata
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    North America
    Distribution:
    AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant provides nectar for pollinators. It is a larval host plant for Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax), and Viceroy (Limenitis archippus). Red-spotted Purple and Viceroy rarely use this host plant in North Carolina.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Sand
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Description:
    Bright red fruits become available September-October.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    White flowers with up to 20 stamens April-May
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Shape:
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Dark green
  • Bark:
    Bark Description:
    This plant has attractive, exfoliating bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Moths
    Pollinators
    Small Mammals
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat