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Midland hawthorn Crataegus rhipidophylla

Previously known as:

  • Crataegus laevigata
  • Crataegus oxyacantha
Phonetic Spelling
krah-TEE-gus rip-pid-oh-FIL-uh
Description

Crataegus oxycantha, also known as English hawthorn, is native to Europe and North Africa. It is a small, low-branching, deciduous tree that is noted for its profuse spring bloom. It typically grows 15-20’ tall with a rounded crown. Straight to zigzag, thorny stems are clad with dark green leaves. No fall color. May also be pruned as a hedge.

White 5-petaled flowers in clusters bloom in mid spring. Flowers are followed by red fruits (pomes to 1/2” long) in fall. Many cultivars of English hawthorn, some featuring double flowers, are available in commerce today with flower colors including pink, rose, red and white.  English hawthorn was widely planted in England as a hedgerow plant because of its thorns.

This tree generally does not grow well in the hot and humid summers. Untreated fungal leaf spot and rust can severely disfigure the foliage.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#thorns#showy flowers#deciduous#shade tree#full sun#showy berries#wildlife plant#tree#street tree#hedges#stream banks#low flammability#fire resistant#spring interest#screening#larval host plant#blight#nectar plant late spring#butterfly friendly#nectar plant mid-spring#pollinator garden#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#red-spotted purple butterfly#gray hairstreak butterfly#viceroy butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#thorns#showy flowers#deciduous#shade tree#full sun#showy berries#wildlife plant#tree#street tree#hedges#stream banks#low flammability#fire resistant#spring interest#screening#larval host plant#blight#nectar plant late spring#butterfly friendly#nectar plant mid-spring#pollinator garden#non-toxic for horses#non-toxic for dogs#non-toxic for cats#red-spotted purple butterfly#gray hairstreak butterfly#viceroy butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    rhipidophylla
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe, North Africa
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant provides nectar for pollinators. It is a larval host plant for Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax), and Viceroy (Limenitis archippus). Red-spotted Purple and Viceroy rarely use this host plant in North Carolina.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Attracts Pollinators
    Buffer
    Screening
    Wildlife Food Source
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Coarse
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Red fruits (pomes to 1/2” long) in fall.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    White 5-petaled flowers in clusters (corymbs) bloom in mid spring. Flower blooms from April to May.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Insignificant
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    3 to 5-lobed, dark green leaves (to 2 1/2” long). No fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Flowering Tree
    Screen/Privacy
    Security
    Shade Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Fire
    Problems:
    Frequent Disease Problems