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Hedge Thorn Crataegus nitida

Description

Crataegus nitida can either be a small tree or a large shrub and prefers moist soil. It has 2 inch long thorns. This plant has multiple growth habits depending on how it is grown as a small tree (it will be dense and rounded) or as a shrub (having multiple stems): the branches have two growth habits of horizontal (lower branches) and erect (higher branches).

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Where to see this plant: This plant can be seen naturally in woods or beside streams. In the landscape, this plant is more seen in woodland gardens, in lawns, an ornamental tree, barrier, or hedge for privacy. Since this plant does have thorns, keep this in mind when finding the perfect place to avoid children getting hurt or people walking by (therefore, this does not make a good street tree).

Reason behind the name: Crataegus, in Greek, means strength and tree (strong tree), while its glossy leaves can be thought of as reference to shining the meaning behind the word nitida.

Insect, Disease, and Plant Problems: Hawthorns in general are susceptible to pest and disease problems. Disease problems may include (more common) cedar hawthorn rust and fireblight and (possible but not as common as the other two diseases before) apple scab, leaf or twig blight, fungal leaf spots, powdery mildew, and cankers; while insect pests may include borers, caterpillars, aphids, lacebugs, scale, leafminers, and red spider mites. As already mentioned above, this plant has thorns which make the plant a risk when purning or a risk if planted where children play.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#red#thorns#white#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#full sun#drought tolerant#late spring#orange#spring#white flowers#light shade#orange leaves#wildlife plant#tree#red leaves#winter interest#barrier#security#flowering tree#urban#air pollution tolerant#dappled shade#food source#low flammability#large shrub#streams#glossy leaves#red fruits#fire resistant#woodland
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#red#thorns#white#butterflies#sun#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#full sun#drought tolerant#late spring#orange#spring#white flowers#light shade#orange leaves#wildlife plant#tree#red leaves#winter interest#barrier#security#flowering tree#urban#air pollution tolerant#dappled shade#food source#low flammability#large shrub#streams#glossy leaves#red fruits#fire resistant#woodland
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    nitida
    Family:
    Roseaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    northern and eastern US (Midwest)
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant attracts birds and butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    wide range of soils, semi-drought tolerant, urban pollution
    Edibility:
    These edible fruit are eaten by birds much more than by humans.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 30 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Horizontal
    Multi-stemmed
    Multi-trunked
    Rounded
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Winter
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small fruit, which have about a 3/8 inch diameter, are round and come after the flowers bloom. In the fall (September to October), the fruit (also called a haw) are red and ripe. Even they they are ripe in the fall, they may stay much longer, adding to your winter and spring garden. These edible fruit are eaten by birds much more than by humans.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Corymb
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Flowers bloom in late spring (May), and while they are fragrant, they do not smell pleasant.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Oblong
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Lobed
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    This plant has dark green leaves (some are lobed). They have orange-red fall color.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    White
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Flowering Tree
    Hedge
    Mass Planting
    Screen/Privacy
    Security
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Fire
    Pollution
    Problems:
    Problem for Children
    Spines/Thorns