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Aralia spinosa Aralia spinosa
Aesculus sylvatica Aesculus sylvatica flower
Crataegus mollis has some common disease problems:
Cedar Apple Rust
Fire Blight

Crataegus mollis

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
krah-TAY-gus MOL-liss
Description

Crataegus mollis, commonly called Downy hawthorn is a handsome tree with tall trunk and compact, rounded crown of spreading branches, large broad hairy leaves, many large flowers, and large scarlet fruit. Downy hawthorn is a wide-spreading tree, 20-40 ft. in height, with horizontal branching and varying degrees of thorniness. The bark of the short trunk is silvery and scaly.  

One of the largest trees of its genus, Downy Hawthorn was originally called White Thorn. It was introduced into European gardens as early as 1683. The common and Latin species names both refer to the soft hairy foliage.

This tree is rounded to wide-spreading with varying degrees of thorniness.  Its native habitat includes woodland borders, alluvial thickets, sandy hillsides, fields, and roadsides.  It is deer resistant.

Due to its thorns, it should not be planted in areas frequented by children.

Wildlife Value:   It is a host plant for the Gray Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, and Viceroy butterflies.  Hummingbirds and butterflies nectar from the blooms.  Songbirds, quail, wild turkeys and small mammals eat the fruit.

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#thorns#butterflies#deciduous#songbirds#full sun#partial shade#perennial#white flowers#tree#small mammals#low flammability#deer resistant#red fruits#part shade#fire resistant#pollinator plant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#hummingbirds#thorns#butterflies#deciduous#songbirds#full sun#partial shade#perennial#white flowers#tree#small mammals#low flammability#deer resistant#red fruits#part shade#fire resistant#pollinator plant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Crataegus
    Species:
    mollis
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Northern America
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the Gray Hairstreak, Red-spotted Purple, and Viceroy butterflies. Hummingbirds and butterflies nectar from the blooms. Songbirds, quail, wild turkeys and small mammals eat the fruit.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Deer
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 20 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    24-60 feet
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Red apple-like fruit
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Profuse, flat-topped clusters of 1 inch white, rose-like blossoms
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves are 2-4 in. long, alternate, and simple with sharp serration which has a gray cast in summer. The leaves have a yellow to bronze to bronze-red fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Pollinator Garden
    Design Feature:
    Flowering Tree
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Fire