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Cornelian Cherry Dogwood Cornus mas

Description

This small tree or large shrub is valued for its early spring bloom.  Flaking bark; easy to transplant; tough, adaptable, large shrub to small tree; spreads by suckers so promptly remove.  Usually, branches form to the ground.  It withstands a variety of soil pH and types including heavy clay.

Seasons of Interest:

   Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  Bark: Winter

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems:   Calico scale, dogwood sawfly, Japanese maple scale, leafhoppers, oyster shell scale.  :eaf and flower blight (botrytis), crown canker, bacterial leaf scorch, powdery mildew, septoria leaf spot. 

Cultivars:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Spring Glow'
  • 'Variegata'
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#bark#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#woodland garden#cover plant#low maintenance#winter interest#hedge#playground#year-round interest#early spring#border#specialized bees#nesting#large shrub#deer resistant#screens#children's garden#foundation planting
Cultivars:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Spring Glow'
  • 'Variegata'
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#bark#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#woodland garden#cover plant#low maintenance#winter interest#hedge#playground#year-round interest#early spring#border#specialized bees#nesting#large shrub#deer resistant#screens#children's garden#foundation planting
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cornus
    Species:
    mas
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe and Asia
    Distribution:
    Central and southern Europe and western Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are attractive to birds and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Enhancement
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Has excellent dogwood borer and anthracnose resistance.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Horizontal
    Multi-trunked
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small oblong drupe 5/8" long and 1/2" wide red fruit in mid-summer July-August
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Description:
    Early spring one of the first trees to bloom in March and last three weeks yellow born on stalked umbles.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2"-4" long 1 -1 1/2" wide opposite, simple, entire margins acute apex. Dark green leaves; last into late fall; non-showy to purple-red fall color
  • Bark:
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Shaggy
    Bark Description:
    Exfoliating flaky and scaly
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer