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Cornus mas

Phonetic Spelling
KOR-nus mass
Description

This small tree or large shrub is valued for its early spring bloom.  Flaking bark; easy to transplant; tough, adaptable, large shrub to small tree; spreads by suckers so promptly remove.  Usually, branches form to the ground.  It withstands a variety of soil pH and types including heavy clay.  Deer browse leaves and twigs.

Seasons of Interest:

   Foliage: Fall    Bloom: Summer, early   Fruit: Summer-Fall, red berries  Bark: Winter

Insects, Diseases and Other Problems:   Calico scale, dogwood sawfly, Japanese maple scale, leafhoppers, oyster shell scale, leaf and flower blight (botrytis), crown canker, bacterial leaf scorch, powdery mildew, septoria leaf spot

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Spring Glow'
  • 'Variegata'
'Aurea', 'Spring Glow', 'Variegata'
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#small tree#bark#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#cover plant#low maintenance#winter interest#playground#year-round interest#hedges#specialized bees#large shrub#deer resistant#children's garden#foundation planting#woodland#edible fruits#borders#screening#nesting sites#early spring flowers#bird friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Aurea'
  • 'Spring Glow'
  • 'Variegata'
'Aurea', 'Spring Glow', 'Variegata'
Tags:
#bees#deciduous#fall color#small tree#bark#specimen#wildlife plant#nectar plant#cover plant#low maintenance#winter interest#playground#year-round interest#hedges#specialized bees#large shrub#deer resistant#children's garden#foundation planting#woodland#edible fruits#borders#screening#nesting sites#early spring flowers#bird friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Cornus
    Species:
    mas
    Family:
    Cornaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Europe and Asia
    Distribution:
    Central and southern Europe and western Asia
    Wildlife Value:
    Fruits are a food source to birds and squirrels and plants provide nesting sites.  Members of the genus Cornus support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Gonandrena) fragilis, Andrena (Gonandrena) integra, and Andrena (Gonandrena) platyparia. The leaves and twigs are a food source for deer.
    Play Value:
    Attractive Flowers
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Has excellent dogwood borer and anthracnose resistance.
    Edibility:
    Fruits are edible.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 20 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Horizontal
    Multi-trunked
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Drupe
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Small oblong drupe 5/8" long and 1/2" wide red fruit in mid-summer July-August
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Description:
    Early spring one of the first trees to bloom in March and last three weeks yellow born on stalked umbles.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    2"-4" long 1 -1 1/2" wide opposite, simple, entire margins acute apex. Dark green leaves; last into late fall; non-showy to purple-red fall color
  • Bark:
    Surface/Attachment:
    Exfoliating
    Ridges
    Shaggy
    Bark Description:
    Exfoliating flaky and scaly, rough
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Recreational Play Area
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Children's Garden
    Edible Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Foundation Planting
    Hedge
    Screen/Privacy
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Specialized Bees
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer