Plant DetailShow Menu

Plants that fill a similar niche:
Anemonoides blanda Flowers
Allium Alllium
Hymenocallis crassifolia Flowers
Colchicum bulbocodium has some common insect problems:
Slugs & Snails on Ornamental Plants

Colchicum bulbocodium

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Bulbocodium vernum
Phonetic Spelling
KOHL-chik-um bulb-oh-KOD-ee-um
This plant has high severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Bulbocodium vernum, commonly called Spring Meadow Saffron, is a perennial, bulbous herb with basal leaves and flowers emerging from a basal sheath. The plant is native to  alpine meadows and hillsides in Europe, North Africa, West and Central Asia, North India and West China and is often cultivated as an ornamental. In late spring, it sends up a clump of basal foliage that gradually yellows and dies by summer as the plants go dormant. Naked flower stems rise from the ground to 4 to 6 inches tall in late summer to early fall bearing goblet-shaped flowers.

Spring Meadow Saffron, grows well in medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to light shade and prefers deep, fertile soils. To grow from bulbs, plant the corms 3 inches deep and 6 inches apart in late summer for bloom the same year in the fall. You can dig and divide the plants during the mid-summer dormant period when the plant's leaves turn, but it will naturalize over time on its own.

Diseases, Insect Pests, and Other Plant Problems:

No serious insect or disease problems. Watch for slugs and snails.

More information on Colchicum.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bulb#poisonous#rose#perennials#white flowers#perennial bulbs#herb garden#magenta#poisonous to cats
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bulb#poisonous#rose#perennials#white flowers#perennial bulbs#herb garden#magenta#poisonous to cats
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Colchicum
    Species:
    bulbocodium
    Family:
    Colchicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    European Mountains to Northern Caucasus
    Distribution:
    Across Europe from France to Russia and south to the Balkans and Turkey
    Edibility:
    Poisonous
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 9 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 9 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7b, 7a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Good Cut
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Flower Shape:
    Cup
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    1-3 inches
    Flower Description:
    Naked flower stems rise from the ground to 4 to 6 inches tall in late summer to early fall bearing goblet-shaped flowers (to 3 inches long).
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Four to six lance-shaped, dark green leaves to 14 inches long.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cutting Garden
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    High
    Poison Symptoms:
    Highly toxic and can be fatal if ingested. Cramping, vomiting, diarrhea, increased blood pressure, and respiratory failure can result.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloid colchicine
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves
    Roots
    Stems