Plant DetailShow Menu

Coffea arabica

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KOFF-ee-uh a-RAB-ih-kuh
Description

A small upright evergreen shrub or small tree that is grown in tropical climates.  Grown as a houseplant in temperate climates with well-draining potting soil.  Needs bright light and high humidity indoors but if taken outdoors prefers some partial shade.  Plant in organically rich-well drained soil.  After 3-4 years small white fragrant blooms will appear from late spring to early summer. Fissured bark appears on older branches.  Berries are edible with a pulpy grape-like texture, but it is the seeds (coffee beans) that are sought after. Berries are picked by hand when ripe and de-pulped, with the extracted seeds/beans then dried in the sun before roasting and grinding to produce the popular beverage coffee.

 

 

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#showy flowers#small tree#fragrant flowers#houseplant#specimen#white flowers#container plant#red berries#broadleaf evergreen#winter interest#showy fruits#shrub border#red fruits#cascading flowers#vibrant#edible fruits#exotic looking#star shaped flowers#evergreen shrub#patio planting#tropical feel
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#showy flowers#small tree#fragrant flowers#houseplant#specimen#white flowers#container plant#red berries#broadleaf evergreen#winter interest#showy fruits#shrub border#red fruits#cascading flowers#vibrant#edible fruits#exotic looking#star shaped flowers#evergreen shrub#patio planting#tropical feel
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Coffea
    Species:
    arabica
    Family:
    Rubiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Edibility:
    Fruits are edible, but seeds are what are usually dried, roasted and ground to make coffee.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 6 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 6 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Available Space To Plant:
    6-feet-12 feet
    12-24 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10b, 10a, 11b, 11a, 12b, 12a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Winter
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Green two-seeded berries that gradually mature to yellow, light red and finally deep red.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Description:
    Fragrant (resembles the aroma of jasmine), star-shaped, that bloom in the late spring to early summer in axillary clusters of 2-9.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Glabrous, glossy, dark green leaves with prominent veins and wavy margins
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Bark Description:
    Fissured on older branches and trunk.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Specimen