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Centella asiatica

Phonetic Spelling
sen-TEL-uh aye-ze-AH-tic-ka
This plant has medium severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Centella is a genus of about 50 species of flowering, evergreen, herbaceous perennials or small shrubs in the Apiaceae (carrot) family native to the southeastern and southwestern United States. These plants generally have a sprawling habit, solitary or small groups of leaves, and small numbers of greenish white or purple flowers. Most of the Centella species are used as houseplants or interiorscape, or as a vine in landscapes and flower gardens.

False pennywort is a rhizomatous perennial plant that grows low to the ground and can spread quickly into a dense ground cover.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  It can grow aggressively and be weedy.

 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#weedy#herbaceous#tropical perennials#herbaceous perennials#small flowers#sprawling#vine#tropical#perennial#aquatic
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#fragrant#evergreen#weedy#herbaceous#tropical perennials#herbaceous perennials#small flowers#sprawling#vine#tropical#perennial#aquatic
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Centella
    Species:
    asiatica
    Family:
    Apiaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southern United States, Central America, Caucasus, Tropical
    Distribution:
    Africa, Southeast Asia, Eastern South America
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Poisonous
    Vine
    Habit/Form:
    Creeping
    Prostrate
    Spreading
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    High
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Drainage:
    Frequent Standing Water
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a, 10b, 10a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Schizocarp
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Fruit laterally compressed with the mericarps narrowed to the very narrow, flat commissure; primary ribs narrow but prominent, secondary ribs usually also obvious.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Long Bloom Season
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Funnel
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Solitary, very large, funnel-shaped flowers with 5 short lobes; white, pink, or yellow blossoms from May to October; fragrant at night.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Smooth
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves solitary or in groups of several together. Simple, linear and terete to broadly reniform leaves are alternate, simple, and smooth margined
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    The green/reddish green, slender stems are creeping stolons.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Slope/Bank
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Problems:
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Medium
    Poison Symptoms:
    Headache, incoordination, excitability, stomach pain, lowered temperature, dilated pupils, paralysis, vomiting, diarrhea, shock, respiratory depression; may be fatal.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Alkaloids solanine, solanidine and others.
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    Yes
    Poison Part:
    Flowers
    Leaves