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Carya ovata var. australis

Description

Carolina Shagbark Hickory is a variation of the Shag Bark Hickory and can be found on the upland flats of the piedmont areas in the southeastern U.S.A. It differs in slightly larger leaves and nuts and has more slender shoots and darker outer bud scales  Prefers a humid climate but is found in a wide range of climates. This plant prefers moist acidic soils.

Male and female flowers occur in the spring and give way to edible nuts. This hickory begins to bear seeds around 10 years but is most productive from 40 to 200 years old. The production is irraticic with the best crops being every 3-5 years.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#wildlife plant#native tree#piedmont#nuts#NC native#tourquoise#Braham Arboretum#decidous tree
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#wildlife plant#native tree#piedmont#nuts#NC native#tourquoise#Braham Arboretum#decidous tree
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Carya
    Species:
    ovata
    Family:
    Juglandaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Used for furniture, flooring and tool handles. It is also used for smoking meats. The bark is used to flavor maple-style syrup.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Ala., Ga., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tenn.
    Distribution:
    Found in Delaware south to Georgia, and west to Tennessee. Found in VI, NC, SC, GA, AL, MS, TN, and KY
    Wildlife Value:
    Small mammals, squirrels, raccoons, chipmunks and others, are attracted to the nuts.
    Edibility:
    Nuts are edible and sweet to humans and wildlife.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    NC Region:
    Piedmont
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    Green husks mature to brown and split to the base. Nuts are brown and 1 to 1.5 inches long.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Catkin
    Spike
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Size:
    3-6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Male flowers grow as catkins about 4-7 inches long and female pistillate appears in spikes around 1/2 long.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    8-inch compound leaves have 5 leaflets with dense hairs at the tips of serration.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Shaggy
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Black
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Smooth (glabrous)
    Stem Description:
    Young twigs are green, maturing to thin black to red-brown twigs, small buds.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Lawn
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Attracts:
    Small Mammals