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Pecan Carya illinoinensis 'Gloria Grande'

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Pecan:

Phonetic Spelling
KAIR-yuh il-ih-noy-NEN-sis
Description

Trees in the Carya illinoinenses family are massive, upright spreading trees.  Their deep taproots make transplanting difficult.  Choosing the right location is imperative, as a tree with a height of 6' may have a 4' taproot.  Locate in an area where you can ensure a deep, and moist (but well-drained) habitat.  

Unlike many varieties in the Juglandaceae family, 'Gloria Grande' has a high resistance to scab.

Varieties in the Carya illinoinensis family play a large part in the pecan production industry, however, fruit trees tend to produce fruit in two-year cycles.  There may be a large yield one year, followed by a smaller (or nonexistent) yield the next.  The fruit of the pecan tree matures late in the season, with little time prior to shedding its leaves for carbohydrate production and storage to support the next years' fruit.  Differing from other varieties of pecans, as a mature tree, 'Gloria Grande' will produce a crop in most years.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Black aphids are an issue affecting this variety.  Having a very thick shell on the fruit (nuts) can cause low production, making this variety not suitable for commercial production.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Carya illinoinensis.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#cpp
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#cpp
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Carya
    Species:
    illinoinensis
    Family:
    Juglandaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Shade
    Wind Break
    Dimensions:
    Height: 70 ft. 0 in. - 100 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 40 ft. 0 in. - 75 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Oval
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    more than 60 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Nut
    Fruit Description:
    It produces large-sized nuts with excellent kernel quality. The seeds are also edible.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Insignificant
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    The green leaves are alternate and pinnate with 9-17 leaflets.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Shade Tree
    Specimen