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Caragana frutex

Description

Russian peashrub is a perennial native to Asia in the Fabaceae (bean) family. It grows 2- 10 feet tall and nearly as wide. The yellow spring flowers and peapod-like fruits are its best features. This plant does best in climates with hot summers and cold winters with a clear movement from one season to the other. It may become frost-damaged in more temperate climates.

Russian peashrub prefers full sun in sandy well-drained soils. It is tolerant of drought, wind, salt, and because of its nitrogen-fixing ability, poor soils.

Use this plant in difficult sunny locations as slopes and poor soil as a hedge or for privacy. It will also help to improve the soil 

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No significant problems

VIDEO created by Grant L. Thompson for “Trees, Shrubs, and Woody Vines for Landscaping” a plant identification course offered by the Department of Horticulture at Iowa State University.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Globosa'
    More compact
'Globosa'
Tags:
#drought tolerant#yellow flowers#legume#deciduous shrub#salt tolerant#spring flowers#slopes#hedges#disease resistant#privacy#wind tolerant#poor soils tolerant#rocky soils tolerant#pea-shaped flowers#insect resistant#sun#landscape plant sleuths course
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Globosa'
    More compact
'Globosa'
Tags:
#drought tolerant#yellow flowers#legume#deciduous shrub#salt tolerant#spring flowers#slopes#hedges#disease resistant#privacy#wind tolerant#poor soils tolerant#rocky soils tolerant#pea-shaped flowers#insect resistant#sun#landscape plant sleuths course
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Caragana
    Species:
    frutex
    Family:
    Fabaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    China to Bulgaria
    Distribution:
    Altay, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, East European Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, North Caucasus, South European Russi, Ukraine, West Siberia, Xinjiang
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 10 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 2 ft. 0 in. - 6 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Perennial
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Alkaline (>8.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    6-feet-12 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Legume
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Pea-like pods are 1.5-2 inches long with 3-5 seeds. The pod splits open when mature.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Lipped
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Bright yellow 1/2 to 1-inch pea-shaped flowers occur May and June. They are usuall single but can occur in clusters of 2-3.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately)
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Cuneate
    Obovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Palmate alternate compound leaves with 4 leaflets that are obovate to cuneate, apex rounded to emarginate. They are 1/4- 1 inches long. They turn yellow in fall.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Green
    Light Gray
    Bark Description:
    The bark is green with pale horizontal lenticels. Turns gray with age.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Cross Section:
    Round
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Lenticels:
    Conspicuous
    Stem Description:
    Stems are green aging to gray.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Slope/Bank
    Design Feature:
    Barrier
    Hedge
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Diseases
    Drought
    Dry Soil
    Insect Pests
    Poor Soil
    Salt
    Wind