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Pepper Capsicum

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
KAP-sih-kum
Description

Capsicum, the genus of peppers, is composed of species native across Central and South America.  Many cultivars of these species are grown as food and spice.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
C. annuum, C. chinense
Tags:
#edible fruits#vegetable#edible#ebh-vh
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
C. annuum, C. chinense
Tags:
#edible fruits#vegetable#edible#ebh-vh
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Capsicum
    Family:
    Solanaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Edible
    Vegetable
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    Fruits range in color, shape, and heat level depending on species and cultivar.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Shape:
    Star
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Nodes may darken to a purple color.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups