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Habanero Pepper Capsicum chinense

Phonetic Spelling
KAP-sih-kum chy-NEN-see
Description

Capsicum chinense is a pepper species native to parts of South America.  It contains some of the hottest peppers to exist, including the world record holder 'Carolina Reaper'.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Capsicum.

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See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Carolina Reaper'
    Developed in SC; hottest pepper currently recorded
'Carolina Reaper'
Tags:
#edible plant#edible fruits#vegetable#edible
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Carolina Reaper'
    Developed in SC; hottest pepper currently recorded
'Carolina Reaper'
Tags:
#edible plant#edible fruits#vegetable#edible
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Capsicum
    Species:
    chinense
    Family:
    Solanaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    South America
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Edible
    Vegetable
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Description:
    High capsaicin levels.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Shape:
    Star
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Glossy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Nodes may darken to purple.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups