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Callisia rosea

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Callisia graminifolia
  • Cuthberthia rosea
  • Phyodina rosea
  • Tradescantia graminifolia
  • Tradescantia rosea
Phonetic Spelling
kah-LEE-see-uh RO-zee-uh
Description

Piedmont Roseling is a native perennial and a member of the Commelinaceae or Spiderwort family. It is found in the southeastern United States from Virginia to Florida in sandy, shallow, or rocky soils. It is disease, heat, and humidity tolerant. 

The genus name, Callisia, is derived from the Greek word, "kallos" meaning "beauty." Some species of Callisia may cause allergic reactions in dogs and cats characterized by red, pruritic skin. The species name, rosea, is Latin for "rosy."

The Piedmont Roseling is a clump of thin, sheath-like, simple, green leaves with small solitary pink to lavender flowers with gold stamens. They bloom from spring to early summer. The blossoms open in the morning and close by mid-afternoon. The fruit is a small green capsule that matures in 2-3 weeks after flowering. The capsule becomes dry, papery, and splits open to release its seeds. Seeds may be sown and germinate in 2 weeks. They may also be stored over winter and planted in the early spring. Propagation may also be accomplished by the division of large clumps of the plant in the fall. 

The Piedmont Roseling is a low maintenance plant and prefers partial shade. Sandy, acidic soil is well-tolerated. Once the plant is established it becomes more drought tolerant.

The flowers attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds. The Piedmont Roseling is well suited as a groundcover in rock gardens or shade gardens. 

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Morning Grace'
    Dwarf spiderwort, delicate lilac flowers, and green foliage
'Morning Grace'
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#shade tolerant#native perennial#low maintenance#NC native#deer resistant#pollinator plant#food source summer#food source nectar#food source pollen#humidity tolerant#sandy soils tolerant#bee friendly#verticillium wilt resistant
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Morning Grace'
    Dwarf spiderwort, delicate lilac flowers, and green foliage
'Morning Grace'
Tags:
#showy flowers#heat tolerant#shade tolerant#native perennial#low maintenance#NC native#deer resistant#pollinator plant#food source summer#food source nectar#food source pollen#humidity tolerant#sandy soils tolerant#bee friendly#verticillium wilt resistant
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Callisia
    Species:
    rosea
    Family:
    Commelinaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern United States
    Distribution:
    Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Virginia
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant attracts bees, hummingbirds, and butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Shade
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Verticillium wilt resistant
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 4 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 0 ft. 6 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Sand
    Shallow Rocky
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    6b, 6a, 7b, 7a, 8b, 8a, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The small, light-green capsule will mature in 2-3 weeks after the plant flowers. In a few days, the capsule becomes papery and dry before splitting open to release the seeds. To collect the seeds, it may be best to tie a small bag around the capsule before it splits open.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Solitary
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    2-3 rays/petals
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    This plant has a dainty, solitary, three-petaled, pink to a lavender flower that blooms from spring to early summer. Three sepals are smaller than the showy flower. There are six gold stamens The diameter of the flower measures 0.5 to 1 inch in diameter. Typically, the flowers are produced in the morning and close by mid-afternoon.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Sheath
    Simple
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    The leaves of the plant are fine, green, narrow, and sheath-like. They tend to grow in clumps. The distal blades are as wide as the basal sheaths when they are opened and flattened.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Form:
    Straight
    Stem Description:
    The plant has slender stalks and green leaves.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Houseplants
    Landscape Theme:
    Drought Tolerant Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Shade Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Dry Soil
    Heat
    Humidity