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Phlox carolina

Previously known as:

  • Phlox carolina ssp. angusta
Phonetic Spelling
floks kair-oh-LEE-nah
Description

Phlox carolina, commonly called Carolina phlox, Thickleaf phlox, or Summer phlox, is a native flower to the southeastern US.  Carolina phlox self-sows but is not aggressive. Its native habitat includes woodland edges & openings.  It blooms mostly during the hottest part of the summer, flowering best in full sun, occasionally reblooming intermittently until frost.  It is resistant to powdery mildew.

Carolina Phlox is a herbaceous perennial that may grow 2 to 3 feet in height. The leaves are opposite and narrowly egg-shaped with a smooth margin. The stem is slightly downy to coarsely hairy. Pink flowers mature in showy terminal clusters in early summer.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Seasons of Interest: 

  Blooms:   Summer           Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Summer

 

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#hummingbirds#perennial#herbs#wildlife plant#wildflowers#cpp#low flammability#NC native#ornamentals#native garden#fire resistant#native wildflower#perennials#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bees#fragrant#hummingbirds#perennial#herbs#wildlife plant#wildflowers#cpp#low flammability#NC native#ornamentals#native garden#fire resistant#native wildflower#perennials#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Phlox
    Species:
    carolina
    Family:
    Polemoniaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Leaf Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern USA
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Its flowers attract hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees.
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape. Low resistance to damage from deer.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herb
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Wildflower
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    3 feet-6 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    White
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Fall
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Phlox Carolina has slender, red-streaked flowering stems that occur singly or in clusters. Thick-leaf phlox flowers are lavender to pink and arranged in loose, broadly cylindrical clusters. Compact terminal inflorescence. The flowers are 0.5-0.75 in. with five rounded corolla lobes. May rebloom in late summer/early fall.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Leathery
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Carolina Phlox has tufted, minutely downy to hairy stems with 5-12 pairs of lance-shaped to narrowly egg-shaped leaves. The leaves are 1.5-4 in. long, bright-green, oval and leathery.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Surface:
    Hairy (pubescent)
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Naturalized Area
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Butterflies
    Hummingbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Fire