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Buddleja americana

Common Name(s):

Previously known as:

  • Buddleja callicarpoides Kunth
  • Buddleja dentata Kunth
  • Buddleja floribunda Kunth
  • Buddleja occidentalis
  • Buddleja spicata Ruiz & Pav
  • Buddleja verbascifolia Kunth
  • Buddleja verbasci Pers.
Description

Buddleja Americana can be found from Mexico through Central America and down the Pacific coast of South America to Northern Bolivia. It is also found in Jamaica, Cuba, and the Galapagos Islands. This woody shrub grows in a variety of habitats including oak and pine forests, rocky slopes, riparian areas, fields, roadsides, mountain savanna, and cloud forests. It grows well at low and middle altitudes in elevations from sea level to 2500m. They are not cold hardy and are quickly killed by frost.

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#white flowers#shrub#gray leaves#riparian#erosion control#stream banks#tropical perennial#tender perennial#dye plant#fields#mountains#forests#greenhouse#rocky soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#tropical tree#roadside#butterfly garden#stormwater demo garden orange co#tender
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#small tree#white flowers#shrub#gray leaves#riparian#erosion control#stream banks#tropical perennial#tender perennial#dye plant#fields#mountains#forests#greenhouse#rocky soils tolerant#butterfly friendly#tropical tree#roadside#butterfly garden#stormwater demo garden orange co#tender
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Buddleja
    Species:
    americana
    Family:
    Scrophulariaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Flowers are used to make fabric dyes
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Native to Mexico, tropical America (Caribbean and Pacific coast)
    Distribution:
    Altitudes of 1190 - 3400 meters in the Andes, Sierra Nevada de Maria
    Wildlife Value:
    This plant attracts butterflies.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Shrub
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Multi-stemmed
    Growth Rate:
    Rapid
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Available Space To Plant:
    3 feet-6 feet
    6-feet-12 feet
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9a, 9b, 10b, 10a, 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b, 13b, 13a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Samara
    Fruit Description:
    winged seeds
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Cyme
    Spike
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Funnel
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    The inflorescences are 2-10 inches long, with one or two orders of branches. The flowers are cymules, the short (< .1 inch) corollas yellow inside and white outside.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Soft
    Velvety
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Opposite
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Crenulate
    Entire
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    3-6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Narrow grey-green with pale hairs
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Light Brown
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
    Bark Description:
    light brown fissured bark.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Meadow
    Riparian
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Cottage Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Small Tree
    Specimen
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Erosion
    Heat
    Humidity
    Problems:
    Short-lived