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Brassica oleracea (Gemmifera Group)

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
BRAS-ih-ka ol-ur-RAY-see-uh
Description

The Gemmifera Group of Brassica oleracea is Brussels sprouts.  The genus name Brassica is Latin for cabbage.They resemble 1-2" wide tiny cabbages lined up on an upright central stem.  This slow-growing vegetable has a long season.  Plant in early summer, expect the cool fall temperatures for maturity.  Nitrogen fertilizer applied every few weeks during the summer will aid in a hardy fall harvest, which will take place after the first frost.  Your patience in waiting for the first frost will be rewarded, waiting for that first frost will improve the flavor of your bounty.   Brussel sprouts have shallow roots, protect the roots with mulch.  Mulching will also help to retain moisture and keep weeds under control.

They are typically eaten cooked, as eaten raw leads to indigestion for many.  

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Cabbageworm, caterpillars, slugs, flea beetles and aphids are insects that may affect the plant.  Diseases include leaf spots, black rot, and blackleg.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.  

More information on Brassica oleracea.

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Tags:
#annual#edible plant#vegetable garden#cool season vegetable#maritime exposure resistant#problem for horses
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#annual#edible plant#vegetable garden#cool season vegetable#maritime exposure resistant#problem for horses
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Brassica
    Species:
    oleracea
    Family:
    Brassicaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Seed
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Brussels, Belgium
    Wildlife Value:
    Bees will pollinate
    Edibility:
    Round sprouts are edible.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 2 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 6 in. - 2 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Edible
    Vegetable
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Sand
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b, 10a, 10b, 11a, 11b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Fall
    Fruit Type:
    Siliqua
    Fruit Length:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Width:
    1-3 inches
    Fruit Description:
    1-2" cabbage-like edible vegetable. The fruit dries and splits when ripe.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Cross
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    This plant rarely flowers.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Hairs Present:
    No
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    2-3' tall stems.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Meadow
    Patio
    Small Space
    Walkways
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Border
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Attracts:
    Bees
    Problems:
    Problem for Horses