Plant DetailShow Menu

Bougainvillea Bougainvillea spectabilis

Other Common Name(s):

Other plants called Bougainvillea:

Previously known as:

  • Bougainvillea speciosa
Description

This plant is a tropical perennial shrubby vine grown as an annual or container plant and makes an excellent addition to a pool space. This plant prefers moderately fertile, organically rich soil that retains moisture but is not soggy. It is tolerant of coastal conditions and makes a good container or hanging basket plant though it can get quite large. Its climbing method is curved thorns and quasi-twining stems.  Keep away from high traffic area as thorns can be painful.

 

Tip: Reduce water and fertilizer and prune if necessary after flowering.  It needs a dormant period.

Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#red#tropical#thorns#white#pink#sun#full sun#annual#drought tolerant#orange#salmon#apricot#container plant#security#coastal#tropical perennial#bracts#vine#white bracts#orange bracts#pink bracts#coastal plant#pool
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#purple#red#tropical#thorns#white#pink#sun#full sun#annual#drought tolerant#orange#salmon#apricot#container plant#security#coastal#tropical perennial#bracts#vine#white bracts#orange bracts#pink bracts#coastal plant#pool
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Bougainvillea
    Species:
    spectabilis
    Family:
    Nyctaginaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Brazil
    Distribution:
    Bahamas, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil West-Central, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Gambia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, India, Leeward Is., Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Peru, Puerto Rico, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vietnam, Zaïre
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    coastal conditions
    Climbing Method:
    Twining
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 40 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 41 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Vine
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Ascending
    Cascading
    Climbing
    Dense
    Texture:
    Fine
    Appendage:
    Thorns
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Long-lasting
    Showy
    Flower Shape:
    Tubular
    Flower Petals:
    Bracts
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    A seasonal bloomer true flowers are creamy yellow white tubular and 1 inch found in groups of 1-3 but you have to look hard to find them among the brightly colored bracts (look at the leaf section).
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Orange
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Leaves are thin elliptical with pointed tips. This plant has modified leaves called bracts (that may look like petals) that can be the following colors: white, apricot, salmon, pink, red, purple, or orange. The actual leaves are green.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Stems have long narrow thorns in the axils of leaves.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Hanging Baskets
    Pool/Hardscape
    Vertical Spaces
    Design Feature:
    Screen/Privacy
    Security
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Drought
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns