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American Barberry Berberis canadensis

Phonetic Spelling
BER-ber-is ka-na-DEN-sis
Description

'American Barberry' is a native deciduous shrub found in the mountains and piedmont areas of North Carolina.  It has spiny bright green leaves and reddish-brown stems with three-parted spines which distinguish it from other barberry species.  

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#native shrub#security#NC native#evergreen shrub#spiny#border#hedge
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#perennial#native shrub#security#NC native#evergreen shrub#spiny#border#hedge
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Berberis
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Berberidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Woody
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Southeastern U.S.A.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Perennial
    Shrub
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Arching
    Appendage:
    Spines
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Feel:
    Prickly
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Bright green, simple, ovate to elliptical with bristly toothed margins. 1-9 bristles per leaf.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Brown
    White
    Bark Description:
    Striped dark brown with pale white banding
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Red/Burgundy
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Spines are three-parted and found just below the buds.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Riparian
    Slope/Bank
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Border
    Hedge
    Security
    Problems:
    Spines/Thorns