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Asimina triloba 'Susquehanna'

Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ah-SIH-min-ah try-LO-buh
Description

Pawpaw is a small slow-growing deciduous tree that will take years to bear fruit. It will appear in clusters in understory canopy of forests, but it needs full sun to ensure fruiting.  It is self-fertile so it does not need another tree to produce its large, edible fruits.  

It works well to naturalize in a native plant or wild garden, a shrub border, woodland margin, or in damp areas along ponds or streams. Full sun, partial shade, shade tolerant. Well-drained, deep, slightly acid fertile soil.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: The pawpaw tree produces self-defensive compounds so pests are not usually a problem.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Asimina triloba.

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Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#rain garden#purple flowers#shade tolerant#low maintenance#dye plant#shrub border#edible fruits#edible garden#border back#yellow dye
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#deciduous#fall color#rain garden#purple flowers#shade tolerant#low maintenance#dye plant#shrub border#edible fruits#edible garden#border back#yellow dye
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Asimina
    Species:
    triloba
    Family:
    Annonaceae
    Uses (Ethnobotany):
    Early Americans made a yellow dye from the pulp of the ripened fruit.
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Wildlife Value:
    Raccoons, squirrels, and opossums actively seek out fruits and often beat humans to the harvest.
    Edibility:
    Very large fruit with few seeds. It is extremely sweet with a rich taste. Ripens mid to late season.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 15 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Edible
    Tree
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Pyramidal
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Brown/Copper
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Fruit Description:
    Edible, oblong, large yellowish green fruits which mature in early autumn to a dark brown. Full-sun to ensure fruiting.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Purple/Lavender
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Cup-shaped purple flower (3 green sepals and 6 purple petals in two tiers) appear in spring.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    It features alternate, simple, oblong green leaves. Showy yellow fall color.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Rain Garden
    Problems:
    Malodorous