Plant DetailShow Menu

Switchcane Arundinaria gigantea

Other Common Name(s):

Phonetic Spelling
ar-run-din-NAY-ree-a jy-GAN-tee-uh
Description

Switchcane is a bamboo that may grow 15 to 25 feet (usually 4 to 8 feet). The leaves are alternate with an extremely toothed margin and hairy top side. Flowers are inconspicuous and rare.

Habitat: Swamp, floodplains

Fire Risk: This plant has an extreme flammability rating and should not be planted within the defensible space of your home.  Select plants with a low flammability rating for the sites nearest your home. 

Seasons of Interest:

     Bloom: Spring; Fruit/Seed/Nut: Summer

See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#wildlife plant#cover plant#ornamental grass#seeds#food source#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#deer resistant#native garden#native ornamental grass#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly#butterfly larvae#pollinator garden#audubon#various skipper butterflies#southern pearly-eye butterfly#creole pearly-eye butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#wildlife plant#cover plant#ornamental grass#seeds#food source#fire#extreme flammability#NC native#deer resistant#native garden#native ornamental grass#larval host plant#food source summer#food source herbage#Coastal FACW#Piedmont Mountains FACW#bird friendly#food source hard mast fruit#butterfly friendly#butterfly larvae#pollinator garden#audubon#various skipper butterflies#southern pearly-eye butterfly#creole pearly-eye butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Arundinaria
    Species:
    gigantea
    Family:
    Poaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    E. Central & SE. U.S.A.
    Fire Risk Rating:
    extreme flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Provides excellent cover year-round. Seeds are eaten by songbirds and small mammals. This is a larval host plant for the Southern Pearly-Eye (Enodia portlandia) which has three broods from March-October, Creole Pearly-Eye (Lethe creola) which has three broods in the south from April-September, and various Skipper larvae.
    Play Value:
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    High deer resistance
    Dimensions:
    Height: 4 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 8 ft. 0 in. - 20 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Ornamental Grasses and Sedges
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    5a, 5b, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Insignificant
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Raceme
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Summer
    Flower Description:
    Inconspicuous and rare. They bloom from April to July.
  • Leaves:
    Woody Plant Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Alternate with an extremely toothed margin and hairy top side
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Pollinators
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer