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Plants that fill a similar niche:
Amelanchier laevis Amelanchier laevis
Betula lenta Sweet birch
Ampelopsis arborea Ampelopsis arborea
Amelanchier canadensis has some common disease problems:
Fire Blight

Shadbush Amelanchier canadensis

Other plants called Shadbush:

Previously known as:

  • A. oblongifolia
Phonetic Spelling
am-eh-LAN-kee-er kan-ah-DEN-sis
Description

Amelanchier canadensis, commonly called shadblow serviceberry, is a deciduous, early-flowering, large shrub or small tree which typically grows 15-25' tall.  Also referred to as serviceberry. Produces fruits that are known as pomes (dark purple drupe). The fruits are eaten by crows, squirrels, and humans. Found in the Rosaceae family which is commonly known as the Rose family. It can be a small tree to a shrub. Prefers areas with partial shade and some sun with well-drained soils however; it can tolerate moisture, moderate growth rate, can reach heights up to 20 ft. if found in the right conditions. Leaves are alternate and simple, that are a yellow to orange color in the fall. The leaves have a cordate base with serrated edges from the tip. It contains a long pointed bud. Also good for landscaping as it is deer resistant.

Fire Risk: This plant has a low flammability rating.

Form: Irregular; low, shrubby

Site: The Serviceberry grows best in average, medium, well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. It is tolerant of a somewhat wide range of soils and tolerates moisture well.

Seasons of Interest: 

  Leaves:   Fall               Blooms:    Early spring            Nut/Fruit/Seed:  Summer

Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems:  Rust, leaf spot, blight and powdery mildew are sometime disease problems for the serviceberry.  Insects that may effect this plant include the sawfly, leaf  miner, borers and scale.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Prince William'
    An 8'-12' multistem large shrub; not a tree. Berries abundant, large, resembling blueberries, Fall color a dull yellow.
  • Pyramidalis
    Foliage glaucous, hairless at maturity;green late to fall. To 30' X 12' wide.
  • Silver Fountain
Tags:
#gold#butterflies#fruit#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#songbirds#full sun#partial shade#shrub#wildlife plant#native tree#native shrub#host plant#small mammals#food source#highly beneficial coastal plants#cpp#low flammability#NC native#large shrub#deer resistant#Red-Spotted Purple butterflies#small and large mammals#Viceroy butterflies#native garden#fire resistant#naturalizes#early spring flowers#food source summer#butterfly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Prince William'
    An 8'-12' multistem large shrub; not a tree. Berries abundant, large, resembling blueberries, Fall color a dull yellow.
  • Pyramidalis
    Foliage glaucous, hairless at maturity;green late to fall. To 30' X 12' wide.
  • Silver Fountain
Tags:
#gold#butterflies#fruit#showy flowers#deciduous#fall color#birds#small tree#songbirds#full sun#partial shade#shrub#wildlife plant#native tree#native shrub#host plant#small mammals#food source#highly beneficial coastal plants#cpp#low flammability#NC native#large shrub#deer resistant#Red-Spotted Purple butterflies#small and large mammals#Viceroy butterflies#native garden#fire resistant#naturalizes#early spring flowers#food source summer#butterfly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Amelanchier
    Species:
    canadensis
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    eastern North America
    Fire Risk Rating:
    low flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    It is a host plant for the Red-Spotted Purple and the Viceroy butterflies. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms. The fruits are eaten by songbirds and both small and large mammals.
    Play Value:
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Food Source
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    fire in the landscape, moist soil, range of soils, moderately resistant to damage from deer
    Edibility:
    Edible berries resemble blueberries in size and color and are used in jams, jellies and pies.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Multi-stemmed
    Multi-trunked
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Dappled Sunlight (Shade through upper canopy all day)
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Wet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Black
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Description:
    This plant's spring flowers give way to small, round, green pomes which turn red and finally mature to a sweet, dark purplish-black in early summer. Edible berries resemble blueberries in size and color and are used in jams, jellies and pies.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Pink
    White
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Description:
    Showy, 5-petaled, slightly fragrant, white flowers in drooping clusters which appear before the leaves emerge in early spring. Its spring flowers give way to berries. Contains a long pointed bud.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Orange
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Finely toothed, elliptic, medium to dark green leaves (1-3" long) that change to orange-red in autumn. The leaves are alternate and simple. The leaves have a cordate base with serrated edges from the tip.
  • Bark:
    Surface/Attachment:
    Ridges
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Its bark is smooth when young. As the tree ages, the bark develops rough long ridges and furrows.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Small Mammals
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Fire