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Serviceberry Amelanchier arborea

Previously known as:

  • A. canadensis
Phonetic Spelling
am-uh-LAN-kee-er ar-bor-EE-ah
Description

Serviceberry is a deciduous tree that typically grows 15 to 25 feet tall, however, it can reach heights of 40' in the wild.  If the root suckers that form are not removed, it will attain a more shrubby like form. The suckers may also lead to the plant being somewhat invasive.  In the spring, fragrant 5-pealed, white flowers mature.  The flowers are followed by leaves that are alternate with a finely toothed margin and hairy underside. The bark is smooth when young. As the tree ages, long, vertical splits and furrows develop. The small tree produces a red to purple berry that matures in the late summer to fall.  The berries have some resemblance to blueberries.  They are used to make jams, jellies, and pies.

It can be found growing in the wild on wooded slopes and cliffs, open woods, wooded bluffs, rocky woodlands, limestone glades, riverbanks and edges of swamps.

Insects, Diseases and Other Plant Problems:  Insects include leaf miner, pear sawfly, spider mites, aphids, peach borer, and scale insects.  Diseases affecting the plant are cedar apple rust, glomerella leaf spot-fruit rot, fire blight, apple powdery mildew, witches' broom, and leaf blight.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Amelanchier x grandflora 'Autumn Sunset'
    Orange fall color
  • 'Robin Hill'
    Tolerates partial paving, good street tree.
Tags:
#fragrant#white#sun#deciduous#fall color#invasive#full sun#partial shade#white flowers#shrub#showy#native tree#tree#host plant#flowering tree#air pollution tolerant#host#food source#cpp#low flammability#deer resistant#native garden#fire resistant#alkaline soil tolerant#early spring flowers#food source summer#fruits#clay soils tolerant#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • Amelanchier x grandflora 'Autumn Sunset'
    Orange fall color
  • 'Robin Hill'
    Tolerates partial paving, good street tree.
Tags:
#fragrant#white#sun#deciduous#fall color#invasive#full sun#partial shade#white flowers#shrub#showy#native tree#tree#host plant#flowering tree#air pollution tolerant#host#food source#cpp#low flammability#deer resistant#native garden#fire resistant#alkaline soil tolerant#early spring flowers#food source summer#fruits#clay soils tolerant#bird friendly#butterfly friendly
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Amelanchier
    Species:
    arborea
    Family:
    Rosaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Woody
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Root Cutting
    Seed
    Stem Cutting
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Eastern North America
    Fire Risk Rating:
    medium flammability
    Wildlife Value:
    Host plant for Red-spotted purple and Viceroy butterflies. Butterflies and other insects nectar at the blooms. Fruits are eaten by songbirds, small and large mammals.
    Play Value:
    Attracts Pollinators
    Edible fruit
    Wildlife Larval Host
    Particularly Resistant To (Insects/Diseases/Other Problems):
    Resistant to fire in the landscape. This tree is mildly resistant to damage by deer.
    Edibility:
    Edible fruit
    Dimensions:
    Height: 15 ft. 0 in. - 25 ft. 0 in.
    Width: 10 ft. 0 in. - 15 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Native Plant
    Shrub
    Tree
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Habit/Form:
    Dense
    Erect
    Multi-stemmed
    Rounded
    Growth Rate:
    Slow
    Maintenance:
    Low
    Texture:
    Medium
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    Clay
    Loam (Silt)
    Soil pH:
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Occasionally Wet
    Available Space To Plant:
    12-24 feet
    NC Region:
    Coastal
    Mountains
    Piedmont
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9a, 9b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Fruit Value To Gardener:
    Edible
    Showy
    Display/Harvest Time:
    Summer
    Fruit Type:
    Pome
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Width:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    The small, fleshy green apple-like fruits will turn red. In the summer, they will mature to a purple-black. They have a similar taste as highbush blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum), but slightly sweeter.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    White
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Raceme
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Showy
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Spring
    Flower Shape:
    Star
    Flower Petals:
    4-5 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    > 6 inches
    Flower Description:
    Drooping racemes of star-shaped, white to pale pink flowers in early spring for 1 to 2 weeks.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Deciduous
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Deciduous Leaf Fall Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Orange
    Red/Burgundy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Obovate
    Ovate
    Leaf Margin:
    Serrate
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Length:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Width:
    1-3 inches
    Leaf Description:
    Young leaves are covered with hairs on the underside, an almost pussy willow effect. As the tree matures, the leaves are less hairy. At maturity, the green leaves may be covered with hairs.
  • Bark:
    Bark Color:
    Dark Gray
    Light Gray
    Surface/Attachment:
    Fissured
    Smooth
    Bark Description:
    Its bark is smooth when young, more fissured as it ages. As the tree ages, long, vertical splits and furrows develop.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Gray/Silver
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Lawn
    Meadow
    Naturalized Area
    Patio
    Pond
    Recreational Play Area
    Slope/Bank
    Walkways
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Butterfly Garden
    Edible Garden
    Native Garden
    Pollinator Garden
    Rock Garden
    Winter Garden
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Barrier
    Border
    Flowering Tree
    Mass Planting
    Shade Tree
    Small groups
    Understory Tree
    Attracts:
    Butterflies
    Songbirds
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Fire