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Allium tuberosum

Phonetic Spelling
AL-ee-um too-ber-OH-sum
This plant has low severity poison characteristics.
See below
Description

Garlic Chives or Wild Leeks are a bulbous perennial herb with characteristic onion or garlic odor.  It is found in rich, moist forests and natural areas. Grown for both ornamental and culinary uses, garlic chives are a great addition to edible landscapes.  Showy cream flowers appear above the clumps of strappy green leaves in the early summer.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  It can be weedy in disturbed areas.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Edibles, Bulbs, and Houseplants" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.   

More information on Allium.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Herb & Flower Cottage Garden
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bulb#yellow#poisonous#drought tolerant#edible plant#cream#white flowers#yellow flowers#weedy#mass planting#summer flowers#deer resistant#cream flowers#vegetable garden#rock gardens#early summer flowers#cool season vegetable
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
Tags:
#bulb#yellow#poisonous#drought tolerant#edible plant#cream#white flowers#yellow flowers#weedy#mass planting#summer flowers#deer resistant#cream flowers#vegetable garden#rock gardens#early summer flowers#cool season vegetable
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Allium
    Species:
    tuberosum
    Family:
    Amaryllidaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Bulb
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Himalaya to China
    Edibility:
    Leaves, bulbs, and bulblets. Field garlic (A. vineale) is too strong for most tastes. HARVEST TIME: Only collect plants from areas you know have NOT been treated with pesticides. Gather leaves during spring and fall. Gather bulbs in the second year when they are large enough to use like cultivated onions. Flower stem bulblets are collected during the summer. SAFE HANDLING PROCEDURES: Wash leaves, bulbs and bulblets in warm water to remove dirt and debris. Do not use dish detergent or any type of sanitizer. These products can leave a residue. Use as domestic onions, for seasoning, or raw in salads. Bulbs can be used raw, boiled, pickled, or for seasoning. Their strong taste can be reduced by parboiling and discarding the water. To freeze onions or garlic, one should coarsely chop, blanch two minutes, drain, pat dry, and place them into plastic bags. The bulbs can also be dried for use as seasoning. Use flower bulbs to flavor soup or for pickling.
    Dimensions:
    Height: 0 ft. 6 in. - 0 ft. 4 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Bulb
    Edible
    Herb
    Perennial
    Poisonous
    Habit/Form:
    Climbing
    Clumping
    Spreading
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Available Space To Plant:
    Less than 12 inches
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Type:
    Capsule
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Umbel
    Flower Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Flower Bloom Time:
    Summer
    Flower Shape:
    Bell
    Flower Petals:
    6 petals/rays
    Flower Size:
    < 1 inch
    Flower Description:
    Umbel of 25 to 55 small, pale yellow to cream, bell-shaped flowers in tight cluster on 6 to 15 in. naked stem. The flowers have cup-like petals and sepals. Flowers are small, 6-parted, and in a cluster at the top of a naked stem. Appear in early summer.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Green
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Fragrant
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Linear
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Length:
    > 6 inches
    Leaf Width:
    < 1 inch
    Leaf Description:
    Two to three long slender, hollow, The leaves have an odor of onions. The foliage disappears before flowering.
  • Stem:
    Stem Color:
    Green
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Rock Wall
    Small Space
    Woodland
    Landscape Theme:
    Edible Garden
    Rock Garden
    Design Feature:
    Mass Planting
    Small groups
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Deer
    Drought
    Problems:
    Poisonous to Humans
    Weedy
  • Poisonous to Humans:
    Poison Severity:
    Low
    Poison Symptoms:
    CAUSES ONLY LOW TOXICITY IF EATEN. Poisonous through ingestion. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
    Poison Toxic Principle:
    Sulfides
    Causes Contact Dermatitis:
    No
    Poison Part:
    Bark
    Flowers
    Fruits
    Leaves
    Roots
    Seeds
    Stems