- Common Name(s):
- American basswood, American linden
- Edible Plants, Trees
American linden is a useful shade tree in the Malvaceae family. It is easy to transplant is tolerant of clay soil and some drought once established. It has pale yellow-green fall color.
Seasons of Interest:
Foliage: Fall Bloom: Summer, June Fruit: Late Summer Branches: Winter, red
Wildlife Value: An amazing wildlife tree and a larval plant for red spotted purple and mourning cloak butterflies. Its flowers are so attractive to honeybees you may hear the tree buzzing from several feet away. The nectar makes an excellent tasting honey. Its seeds are eaten by birds and squirrels.
Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. You may see borers, beetles, lacebugs, caterpillars, and scale. In hot, dry conditions spider mites may pose a signifcant problem. While infrequent, Verticillium wilt can be fatal. Powdery mildew, leaf spots, and cankers are other diseases that rarely occur.
- 60-75 ft.
- Lacy cluster of fragrant cream flowers; nut like structure attached to a papery bract
- 2 to 8
- Sun; moist, well drained fertile soil; tolerates dry soil and clay but not wet sites; keep soil mulched
- Pyramidal in youth; tall tree; slender, low, arching, spreading branches; broad; rounded; open crown
- Flowers are used to make tea and syrup can be made from the sweet tree sap.
- 45-60 ft.
- Growth Rate:
- 4 to 8 in. alternate, simple leaves; modest yellow green fall color
NCCES plant id: 2219