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Solidago nemoralis

Common Name(s):
Common goldenrod, Gray goldenrod
Perennials, Wildflowers

Common goldenrod is a perennial wildlflower in the Asteraceae family.  It tolerates drought and dry rocky or sandy soils and grows where many other plants cannot.   It is probably not the best choice for a managed garden but rather a meadow or cottage garden where plants can naturalize.  In recent times goldenrods have been blamed for hay fever, but its irritating symptoms are actually caused by ragweed (Ambrosia species), whose pollen is airborn when goldenrod is in flower.

Seasons of Interest:

      Bloom: Late summer-Fall, August-November

Wildilfe Value:  Flowers are attractive to butterflies, native bees, honey bees and other pollinators. Songbirds eat the seeds. Members of the genus Solidago support the following specialized bees: Andrena (Callandrena s.l.) asterisAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) braccataAndrena (Cnemidandrena) canadensisAndrena (Cnemidandrena) hirticinctaAndrena (Cnemidandrena) nubeculaAndrena (Callandrena s.l.) simplexPerdita (Perdita) octomaculataMelissodes (Eumelissodes) fumosusColletes simulansand Colletes solidaginisThis plant is deer resistant.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. Beetles, aphids and gall-forming insects may feed on plants.  Can be susceptible to rust, anthracnose, powdery mildew and leaf spot.  This is a rhizomatous, spreading, somewhat weedy plant that can colonize an area by creeping rhizomes and self-seeding. It is not considered invasive in the U.S.  Removal of flower heads prior to ripening of seed, if practicable, will help prevent seed dispersal.

This plant may be confused with: Any other goldenrod speices Solidago spp.

Other plants that provide similar benefits with fewer problems:  Solidago odora

Late summer
2-4 ft.
Flower Color:
Tiny leaflets in axis of the leaves where they join the stem; densely pubescent grayish stems
Showy, slender, one-sided plumes of small yellow flowers with 5-9 petals
Old fields, pastures, waste places, roadsides. Tolerates dry, rocky, or sandy soil but prefers well-drained slightly acidic soil in the full sun. Intolerant of full shade.
Rhizomatous and seed
Full sun
Life Cycle:
bee, showy flowers, weedy, drought tolerant, rocky soil, birds, nectar, pollinator, specialized bees, dry soil, butterflies, honey bees, deer resistant, wildlife

NCCES plant id: 2740

Solidago nemoralis Solidago nemoralis
Joshua Mayer, CC BY-SA - 4.0
Solidago nemoralis Solidago nemoralis
Dan Mullen, CC BY-NC-ND - 4.0