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Aglaonema nitidum

Description

Evergreen tropical perennial shrub to 1 m, erect and bushy. Plant in rich, well-drained soil and place in indirect light or a shaded area.  Stem is upright, sometimes reclining on the ground at the plant gets larger.  This plant works well in containers, as a houseplant or on a shaded patio or protected under some trees.  If it is outdoors it will  need to be brought in for the winter as it is not cold hardy.  It is low maintenance and often seen in the interiorscapes of offices or malls because it requires infrequent watering and it withstands even very low light.  It just needs a watered-down weak fertilizer once or twice a year.

Desired for its erect, silver/green variegated leaves; tendency to get leggy with age as stem grows, gets cane-like and bends over; excellent plant for low light situations such as exist in most homes; used as filler or low hedge.

Insects, Diseases, and Other Plant Problems:  Relatively problem-free.  Leaf spot, nematodes, and fusarium are occasional problems.  Direct sunlight will cause scorch.  Too much water will cause the rhizomes to rot.

Quick ID Hints:

  • Stem present, is sugarcane-like with growth
  • Leaves are mostly silver or green variegated silver
  • Lanceolate leaves have 5-8 main lateral veins
  • Spathe is greenish, maturing to white or cream

Distinguished from Dieffenbachia by tendency to have only 5-8 main lateral veins 

Distinquished from A. commutatum by predominence of silvery-green coloring in A. nitidum.

Prefers low to medium light, moist soil and medium relative humidity; intolerant of constantly wet soil and of direct sunlight; some pest/disease problems.

Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Curtissii'
    Leaves are striped silver along primary veins.
  • 'Silver King'
    Leaves contain so much silver variegation that they are nearly entirely silver with only splashes of green.
Tags:
#evergreen#understory#houseplant#white flowers#shrub#deep shade#shade tolerant#colorful leaves#interiorscape#variegated leaves#low maintenance#hedges#containers#fantz
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Curtissii'
    Leaves are striped silver along primary veins.
  • 'Silver King'
    Leaves contain so much silver variegation that they are nearly entirely silver with only splashes of green.
Tags:
#evergreen#understory#houseplant#white flowers#shrub#deep shade#shade tolerant#colorful leaves#interiorscape#variegated leaves#low maintenance#hedges#containers#fantz
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aglaonema
    Species:
    nitidum
    Family:
    Araceae
    Life Cycle:
    Annual
    Perennial
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    S. Indo-China to W. Malesia
    Dimensions:
    Height: 1 ft. 0 in. - 1 ft. 6 in.
    Width: 1 ft. 0 in. - 3 ft. 0 in.
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Herbaceous Perennial
    Houseplant
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Growth Rate:
    Medium
    Maintenance:
    Low
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    Soil Texture:
    High Organic Matter
    Soil pH:
    Acid (<6.0)
    Neutral (6.0-8.0)
    Soil Drainage:
    Good Drainage
    Moist
    Occasionally Dry
    Available Space To Plant:
    12 inches-3 feet
    Usda Plant Hardiness Zone:
    10a, 10b, 11a, 11b, 12a, 12b
  • Fruit:
    Fruit Color:
    Green
    Pink
    Red/Burgundy
    White
    Fruit Type:
    Berry
    Fruit Length:
    < 1 inch
    Fruit Description:
    Ellipsoid green and then turning white, pink and finally red. A globose to cylindroid berry, green ripening to white or red.
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Green
    White
    Flower Description:
    Spadex with yellow-green spathe resembles the calla lily. Cylindrical to club-shaped; spathe stalked, ovate, greenish, aging to white.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Characteristics:
    Broadleaf Evergreen
    Leaf Color:
    Cream/Tan
    Gray/Silver
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Alternate
    Leaf Shape:
    Elliptical
    Lanceolate
    Oblanceolate
    Oblong
    Hairs Present:
    No
    Leaf Description:
    Colorful deeply channeled petioles with narrowly oblong to oblanceolate-elliptic leaves on the top of the plant. Apex acuminate. Alternate, simple, oblong-lanceolate, acute, cuneate, entire, green banded or blotched silvery-cream, coriaceous.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Erect, becoming decumbent, encircled with leaf scars.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Container
    Patio
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heavy Shade