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Aeonium

Common Name(s):

Description

Aeonium is a genus of perennial succulents in the Crassulaceae family.  Native to Africa, they prefer a dry, mild climate.  They grow in colorful rosettes of fleshy, waxy leaves.  They vary in height, color, and shape based on the species, hybrid, or cultivar.

While they can grow outdoors in zones 9-11, they are typically grown as houseplants in cooler regions.  Outdoor plantings need sun to have the best leaf color but not intense sunlight like some parts of the southeast, and they appreciate some afternoon shade.  As houseplants, they will need bright light and shallow containers.  They can benefit from some humidity due to their natural habitat and, because of this, they lend themselves to use in coastal environments.

 

VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Houseplants, Succulents, and Cacti", a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens.

Profile Video:
See this plant in the following landscape:
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Atropurpureum'
  • 'Zwartkop'
    Long, purple leaves
'Atropurpureum', 'Zwartkop'
Tags:
#cultivars#heat tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#specimen#succulent#fleshy leaves#showy leaves#interiorscape#waxy#accent plant#coarse#hybrids#humidity tolerant#container plants#coastal plant#hsc#hsc-s
 
Cultivars / Varieties:
  • 'Atropurpureum'
  • 'Zwartkop'
    Long, purple leaves
'Atropurpureum', 'Zwartkop'
Tags:
#cultivars#heat tolerant#houseplant#drought tolerant#specimen#succulent#fleshy leaves#showy leaves#interiorscape#waxy#accent plant#coarse#hybrids#humidity tolerant#container plants#coastal plant#hsc#hsc-s
  • Attributes:
    Genus:
    Aeonium
    Family:
    Crassulaceae
    Life Cycle:
    Perennial
    Recommended Propagation Strategy:
    Division
    Country Or Region Of Origin:
    Africa
  • Whole Plant Traits:
    Plant Type:
    Houseplant
    Succulent
    Habit/Form:
    Erect
    Texture:
    Coarse
  • Cultural Conditions:
    Light:
    Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
    Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours)
    USDA Plant Hardiness Zone:
    9b, 9a, 10b, 10a, 11b, 11a
  • Flowers:
    Flower Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Flower Inflorescence:
    Panicle
    Flower Description:
    A pyramid-shaped panicle of bright yellow flowers. The inflorescence emerges from the center of the rosette, and the rosette will die back after flowering.
  • Leaves:
    Leaf Color:
    Gold/Yellow
    Green
    Pink
    Purple/Lavender
    Red/Burgundy
    Variegated
    White
    Leaf Feel:
    Fleshy
    Waxy
    Leaf Value To Gardener:
    Showy
    Leaf Type:
    Simple
    Leaf Arrangement:
    Rosulate
    Leaf Shape:
    Spatulate
    Leaf Margin:
    Entire
    Hairs Present:
    Yes
    Leaf Description:
    Rosettes of leaves sit at the top of erect, woody stems. The leaves are usually spatulate and have a sharp, abrupt point at the tip. They vary in length across species. Some have fine hairs and/or red to pink coloring along the margins. Many different colors and patterns exist due to hybridization.
  • Stem:
    Stem Is Aromatic:
    No
    Stem Description:
    Long, thick central stems that may bend or arch.
  • Landscape:
    Landscape Location:
    Coastal
    Container
    Houseplants
    Design Feature:
    Accent
    Specimen
    Resistance To Challenges:
    Heat
    Humidity